VIENNA Russia’s envoy to the U.N. nuclear watchdog stated on Monday he anticipated a historic nuclear deal amongst Iran and planet powers to be implemented in January, top to sanctions against Tehran getting lifted.
At talks in Vienna, senior officials from those key powers discussed with Iran a text they have prepared that would close the International Atomic Power Agency’s 12-year investigation of Tehran’s previous activities whilst guaranteeing the IAEA could still verify for signs of suspicious behavior.
Beneath the deal, Iran must scale back its nuclear system, like its stockpile of low-enriched uranium – which it plans to do by means of a swap for non-enriched forms of uranium with Russia, to remove issues it could be put to developing nuclear bombs.
That swap will be done prior to the finish of the year, the Russian envoy to the IAEA, Vladimir Voronkov, told reporters.
Iran has stated it will fulfill all its commitments under the July agreement only if the IAEA’s Board of Governors passes a resolution formally closing its investigation into Iran’s nuclear past when the board meets on Dec. 15.
The draft resolution of the IAEA Board of Governors drawn up by the key powers — France, Britain, Germany, the United States, Russia and China — and sent to other states on Monday contained provisions that both sides could claim as victories.
“(The board) also notes that all the activities in the road-map for the clarification of past and present outstanding troubles regarding Iran’s nuclear plan were implemented in accordance with the agreed schedule and further notes that this closes the Board’s consideration of this item,” the text said.
The draft resolution, obtained by Reuters, also said the board would sooner or later no longer be seized of “Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement and relevant provisions of Safety Council resolutions in the Islamic Republic of Iran”, referring to the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
That phrase, and a shorter version prior to the relevant U.N. Safety Council resolutions have been passed, has been the title of the IAEA’s standard reports on its investigation of Iran’s nuclear activities because 2003.
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The draft resolution did, nevertheless, also give for the board to tackle a new item covering “implementation and verification and monitoring” of the July deal in Iran, and for the IAEA to offer quarterly reports on Iran’s implementation of its commitments below the accord.
More generally, it requests the head of the agency to “report, in this regard … to the Board of Governors for proper action, and in parallel to the United Nations Security Council, at any time if the Director General has affordable grounds to believe there is an issue of concern.”
Earlier on Monday, Iran’s top nuclear negotiator, Abbas Araqchi, who met with senior officials from significant powers in Vienna, told Reuters soon after the meetings he was happy with the draft resolution and anticipated it to be adopted subsequent week.
For sanctions on Iran to be lifted, the IAEA have to initial verify that the Islamic Republic has honored all its commitments below the July deal, like dismantling large numbers of its centrifuges for uranium enrichment and filling parts of its Arak nuclear site with cement.
The IAEA report on Iran’s nuclear previous, which was issued last week, strongly recommended Tehran had a secret nuclear weapons system before 2003, but, in a sign of the shift in relations since July, Western powers voiced small concern.
Araqchi mentioned Iran rejected the findings of the report about its plan ahead of 2003, but added that, in Iran’s view, overall the document showed the peaceful nature of Iran’s atomic activities.
“We think that primarily based on this final assessment the Board of Governors should close the so-called PMD issue,” he told reporters, referring to the report into what is also known as the “attainable military dimensions” of Iran’s nuclear past.
(Additional reporting by Louis Charbonneau in New York Editing by Mark Heinrich)