Tag Archives: Tougher

Zimbabwe activists call for tougher action against youngster marriages

BULAWAYO, Zimbabwe (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Thobekile Mpofu was 15 when she got pregnant to a 41-year-old man who rapidly accepted responsibility and married her, avoiding feasible legal action for obtaining sex with an underage girl.

Kid rights activists on Thursday launched a campaign to contact on the authorities to crack down on men utilizing marriage to stay away from criminal charges for obtaining sex with a minor, one particular of the aspects fuelling the quantity of kid marriages in Zimbabwe.

Figures from the United Nation’s youngster agency, UNICEF, show that 1 in nine girls aged beneath 15 in Zimbabwe are married, with kid marriage frequently ending a girl’s education and exposing her to wellness dangers from early childbearing and HIV.

Mpofu stated her marriage was a “nightmare” and she ran away from her husband right after he took a second wife. She says she has nothing at all but regrets ten years on for becoming married so young which she hopes will not occur to other girls.

“I cannot wish this on any individual … I fled to South Africa to my sisters. That’s how the marriage ended,” stated Mpofu who, with each other with her youngster, now lives with a relative in Bulawayo.

The campaign calling for authorities to do more to quit kid marriages was launched by the Research and Advocacy Unit, Girls Legacy, the Zimbabwe Ladies Lawyers and Human Rights Watch.

Girls Legacy Director Judith Chiyangwa questioned no matter whether the government was committed to act regardless of mounting stress.

“Is there political will to do this?” Chiyangwa asked.

The precise scale of child marriage in Zimbabwe is not recognized as most youngster marriages are unregistered customary law unions.

A 2014 survey by Zimbabwe’s National Statistics Agency identified 1 in 3 females aged 20 to 49 reported that they married prior to age 18 although an estimated 4 percent marry prior to age 15.

But Zimbabwe has conflicting legal provisions on the minimum age for marriage. Its constitution does not expressly prohibit kid marriage and a quantity of laws properly condone it.

Extreme poverty, poor access to education, and particular dangerous religious beliefs and social norms fuel child marriage in Zimbabwe, according to a Human Rights Watch report.

A recent UNICEF report stated an estimated 125 million girls are youngster brides in Africa and that number is anticipated to rise to 310 million by 2050 with girls married to spend off family members debt or for conventional reasons.

Jane Khumalo, a teacher and counselor in Bulawayo, said typically households allowed their daughters into these marriages, specifically if they have been pregnant, since they could not afford to appear soon after them.

“Marriage becomes the only factor that makes sense in these challenging economic situations,” Khumalo said.

Kuda Chitsike, director of the Analysis and Advocacy Unit, a rights group in Zimbabwe, stated calling this child marriage was “to legitimize kid abuse”. It is illegal to have sex with a girl aged under 16 in Zimbabwe.

The country’s chief magistrate, Mishrod Guvamombe, this week said youngster marriages are a violation of child’s rights.

Jessie Majome, an opposition legislator who chairs the parliamentary committee on justice, legal and parliamentary affairs, said kid marriage continued simply because of the collapsed economy and known as for tougher enforcement of existing laws.

“(Marrying a kid) is a extremely severe criminal offence but if the law is not completely enforced, then we will continue having this issue,” Majome told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

(Editing by Belinda Goldsmith Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers humanitarian news, women’s rights, trafficking, corruption and climate change. Check out www.trust.org)

Agen Sabung Ayam

Agen Sabung Ayam – Residence Approves Tougher Refugee Screening, Defying Veto Threat

Agen Sabung Ayam

WASHINGTON — The House voted overwhelmingly Thursday to slap stringent — and challenging to implement — new screening procedures on refugees from Syria searching for resettlement, seizing on the fear stemming from the Paris attacks and threatening to cloud President Obama’s Middle East policy.

The bill, which passed 289 to 137with practically 50 Democrats supporting it, would call for that the director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the secretary of the Division of Homeland Security and the director of national intelligence confirm that every single applicant from Syria and Iraq poses no threat, a demand the White Home named “untenable.” The measure received significant assistance from Democrats, even right after administration officials implored them to abandon the measure on Thursday morning.

The Senate is expected to take up the measure following the Thanksgiving recess, but its fate in that chamber is unclear.

“Our duty is to safeguard the American folks,” said Representative Kevin McCarthy of California, the majority leader. The Home measure, he mentioned, “increases the requirements to hold those who want to do us harm out.”

Graphic | Paris Attacks Intensify Debate More than How A lot of Syrian Refugees to Let Into the U.S. A developing quantity of governors stated they oppose the entry of Syrian refugees into their states.

The reputation of the measure in Congress comes as lawmakers in each parties refuse Mr. Obama’s request for an explicit authorization of force against the Islamic State, underscoring the complicated and polarized politics in the era of terror.

The White House, in promising to veto the bill, repeatedly mentioned it would undermine American leadership in a region where Republicans have stated it is lacking, and would undercut Washington’s ability to command a coalition against the security threats in Syria.

Halfway across the globe on a diplomatic mission to Asia, Mr. Obama fed the tensions with members of Congress and presidential candidates by belittling their issues, lashing out at them for becoming insensitive and condemning the suggestion that only Christian refugees, not Muslims, ought to be let in.

On Thursday, Denis McDonough, the White Property chief of staff, and Homeland Security Secretary Jeh Johnson raced to the Capitol Hill to talk to Home Democrats, who had grow to be increasingly concerned about the politics of voting against the measure.

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Speaking following a meeting on Thursday with Justin Trudeau, Canada’s new prime minister, Mr. Obama insisted that refugees have been subjected to “the most rigorous vetting approach that we have for anyone who is admitted.” He stated the process of screening a prospective refugee takes up to two years and consists of background checks by the national counterterrorism center, the F.B.I. and the Defense Department.

“That somehow they pose a much more substantial threat than all the vacationers who pour into the United States every single day just doesn’t jive with reality,” he stated.

Traveling in Asia with Mr. Obama, White Residence aides on Thursday scrambled to offer particulars about the vetting process for Syrian refugees in an work to head off criticism and action in Congress. Josh Earnest, the president’s press secretary, referred to as the interest of governors and other folks to comprehend the approach was “entirely reputable.”

Mr. Earnest stated refugees applying for asylum undergo background checks that gather “biographic and biometric” info, and must submit to an in-person interview.

He said the information is screened by international law enforcement agencies like Interpol in addition to American intelligence agencies. Benjamin J. Rhodes, Mr. Obama’s deputy national safety adviser, stated he doubted that Islamic State terrorists would danger going via that two-year procedure in order to enter the United States. But Mr. Obama and his aides also hinted that they had been caught off guard by the uproar more than refugees.

Many Democrats attempted to support Mr. Obama and his system on the Home floor. “We should preserve in mind that our nation was founded by immigrants and has historically welcomed refugees when there is suffering about the globe,” stated Representative John Conyers of Michigan, the highest-ranking Democrat on the House Judiciary committee.

“Rather than shutting our doors to these desperate males, females and kids who are risking their lives to escape death and torture in their homelands, we ought to operate to utilize our immense sources and good intentions of our citizens to welcome them,” he added.

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Agen Sabung Ayam – Leaders of France and Belgium Seek Tougher Safety Measures

Agen Sabung Ayam

Photo

Prime Minister Charles Michel of Belgium asked Parliament on Thursday to approve strict new safety measures. Credit Dirk Waem/Agence France-Presse â?? Getty Images

PARIS â?? The prime ministers of France and Belgium sought additional authority on Thursday to respond to the deadly attacks in Paris final week, with Manuel Valls saying the French individuals want â??strong, fast and efficient reactions,â? and Charles Michel of Belgium asking Parliament to approve a range of challenging new security measures.

Mr. Valls, in a speech at the National Assembly, exactly where lawmakers were debating a three-month extension of a state of emergency, warned that France â??must not rule something outâ? when contemplating the possibility that terrorists may use chemical weapons, even though he did not provide any indication that investigators suspected an imminent attack.

Mr. Valls also known as for reinforced tracking of the movements of folks inside the European Union and urged European countries to enhance the sharing of airline passenger details.

â??France has been attacked,â? Mr. Valls mentioned in justifying the need to extend the state of emergency. â??French men and women are below shock. They are expecting from all of us some strong, rapid and powerful reactions.â?

A number of recent terrorism situations in Europe have had some connection to Belgium.

Among some extended-term measures, Mr. Valls announced the creation of a â??structure for radicalized youthsâ? that would accommodate those who say they are prepared to abandon extremist views. Admission to the program would be contingent on a judicial overview, Mr. Valls mentioned, and jihadists returning from Iraq or Syria would not be permitted to participate.

â??Their place is in prison,â? he mentioned.

On Wednesday, President François Hollande announced at a gathering of French mayors that, if requested, neighborhood police forces would be supplied with weapons and bulletproof jackets from the stockpiles of the national police.

The National Assembly, Franceâ??s reduce property of Parliament, later authorized by an overwhelming margin a 3-month extension of the state of emergency that Mr. Hollande declared soon after the attacks.

Five hundred and fifty-one representatives voted in favor of extending the state of emergency, with six opposing the move and 1 abstaining. The 3-month period would commence on Nov. 26 Franceâ??s upper home of Parliament, the Senate, will contemplate the extension and vote on Friday, and similar help is expected there.

In Belgium, Mr. Michel announced new security measures intended to step up the fight against terrorism, and he named for closer international cooperation to combat extremist groups, such as the Islamic State, by strengthening Europeâ??s external borders and by functioning together at the United Nations.

He asked Parliament to double the budget for state safety in fighting terrorism, adding 400 million euros, or about $ 427 million, and to extend the maximum detention time without charges in suspected terrorism circumstances to 72 hours from 24 hours. He also referred to as on lawmakers to give the government the authority to shut down mosques where hate speech is preached.

The government also mentioned it would enhance recruitment for security forces and would invest in new technology and improved communication systems. It will also extend the use of investigative techniques for terrorism instances, like wiretapping and raids on private residences, to other crimes, in particular arms trafficking, a new priority.

If Parliament passes the measures, Belgians who travel abroad to fight with the Islamic State would be imprisoned upon their return, and individuals believed to be at risk of going overseas to wage jihad would be offered an electronic bracelet and could be stripped of their Belgian citizenship, a measure that France is also considering.

Other Belgian proposals would shut down sites that propagate hate speech and would introduce routine identity controls for passengers boarding planes and high-speed trains. Also, for the very first time, the authorities would be permitted to conduct raids at evening in terrorism cases currently, raids are not allowed among 9 p.m. and 5 a.m.

Bart Tommelein, the federal secretary in charge of privacy and a member of the Belgian security council, said the measures have been intended to strike a balance between delivering safety for law-abiding citizens and giving the authorities the tools needed to avert terrorism.

â??We need to be truthful, when we are talking about terrorists, then privacy doesnâ??t exist,â? Mr. Tommelein mentioned. â??If we are talking about suspected terrorists and people who have committed such crimes, then privacy doesnâ??t exist. So for folks who go to Syria, or return from Syria, that border can be crossed, they drop that correct. But me and you may possibly not be broken by that.â?

Human Rights Watch Belgium acknowledged the genuine threat of future attacks but expressed concerns that the measures could lead to indiscriminate detentions or unnecessary restrictions on freedom of speech, movement and religion.

â??Like every nation, Belgium has a duty to defend its folks from attacks, but it need to not trample fundamental rights in the process,â? said Letta Tayler, a senior terrorism and counterterrorism researcher at Human Rights Watch. â??Whenever a country is attacked or threatened, there is a danger that governments will overreact in an work to make people secure.â?

The measures follow a package proposed in January, 1 day following a raid in Verviers, Belgium, that killed two males suspected of belonging to a terrorist cell run by Abdelhamid Abaaoud, who French officials mentioned was the planner of the Paris attacks and died in a raid north of the city on Wednesday.

Separately, the White House said President Obama would not abandon plans to attend