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Western powers get in touch with for Libya ceasefire, back unity government

ROME Western powers called for a ceasefire in Libya on Sunday to pave the way for an agreement to kind a national unity government, which U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry mentioned the majority of factions were ready to sign.

Most representatives of the two rival governments at present in power in Libya “have come together and are prepared to sign an agreement, and they refuse to be blocked by one or two people or individual politics,” Kerry told reporters.

Seventeen countries met in Rome to give a final push to a year of U.N.-led negotiations for the formation of a unity government in Libya, promising political, economic and safety backing, according to a statement.

(Reporting by Steve Scherer Editing by Jon Boyle)

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Agen Sabung Ayam – Jeremy Corbyn to give greater choice-making powers to Labour grassroots

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Corbyn will say the reforms, which include plans to shake up the policy making NEC, are not designed to ‘settle scores or fight sectarian battles’. Photograph: Jonathan Brady/PA

Jeremy Corbyn will announce that he is giving more decision-making powers to registered party supporters and introducing online ballots for members on policy, as part of a “democratic revolution” within the Labour party.

He has also ordered a review of the powers and structure of the Labour national executive, currently dominated by the left, in a move seen by his internal critics as an attempt to strengthen its policy making powers. The plans give the first indication of how Corbyn hopes to expand democracy within the party.

In a wide-ranging speech on Saturday covering the economy and foreign policy, Corbyn will say the reforms “are not designed to settle political scores or fight sectarian battles”. He will say in a speech to the Labour south west region: “It’s about being open to the people we seek to represent; giving them a voice through our organisation and policy-making, and drawing members into political action.

“Why not give members the chance to take part in indicative online ballots on policy in between annual conferences – and give our grassroots members and supporters a real say?”

He describes the changes as a democratic revolution in the party “opening up decision-making to the hundreds of thousands of new members and supporters that have joined us since May”. But there will be alarm among some Labour MPs and party members at Corbyn’s plans to give registered supporters paying £3 a regular direct say on policy issues that could be equivalent to full party members.

Nearly 84% of 100,000 non-party members that paid £3 to vote in the leadership election voted for Corbyn. It is not known how many have now joined the party as full members.

The remarks trailed by his office do not make reference to either the plan to shake up the national executive, or to the future status of the national policy forum, the elected body that decides major policy statements for party conference.

Related: Like a good Marxist, Corbyn is securing his revolution from within | Damian McBride

The unions control half the vote at party conference, but do not have the same level of influence over the policy forum, which is elected from all wings of the party. The review of the powers and governance structure of the NEC was agreed at an away-day and promoted most strongly by those on the left.

NEC members have now been asked “to feed in ideas and suggestions as to how the national executive can govern better and what structures are required with any proposed changes being brought to the national executive”.

Advocates of the changes argue the NEC was once the supreme body of the party with a central role on policy making, but its status was downgraded to a largely administrative one by Tony Blair. Corbyn’s supporters argue much of its policy making role was transferred to the leader’s office or to the national policy forum, an elected body drawn from all wings of the party that oversees policy on a regular cycle.

His speech will also call for an end to police cuts, an independent foreign policy in which war is the last resort and will urge Labour to resist Tory calls for patriotism as the party of hedge funds, bankers and the 1%.

He will claim Labour “stands for this country’s greatest traditions: the suffragettes and the trade unions; the Britain of Mary Wollstonecraft, Shelley, Alan Turing and the Beatles – and perhaps our finest Olympian Mo Farah – the working people of this country who fought fascism, built the welfare state and turned this land into an industrial powerhouse.”

He will say: “The Tories won in May on their lowest ever share of the vote to deliver a parliamentary majority; just 37 % of those who voted and less than a quarter of those eligible. That’s no landslide in anyone’s book. But Labour failed to win back the economic credibility lost in the financial crash of 2008 or convince potential supporters we offered a genuine alternative.”

He will urge the party to focus “everything on the interests, aspirations and needs of middle and lower income voters”.

Agen Sabung Ayam – Envisioning How Worldwide Powers Can Smash ISIS

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Islamic State fighters paraded last year in northern Raqqa province in Syria, the area of ISIS’ self-proclaimed capital. Credit Reuters

Significantly of the world agrees that the Islamic State wants to be crushed.

Continue reading the main story

How to Beat ISIS

Excerpts from interviews with an array of international experts about how to greatest defeat the Islamic State.

But how that can be achieved, and what the unintended consequences might be, are a lot more complicated.

The group, also identified as ISIS, ISIL and Daesh, has proved to be as versatile and amoebalike as it is apocalyptic and brutal. it thrives beneath pressure. and a stepped-up war by the West might be just what it desires, to draw new recruits.

And donâ??t overlook that the groupâ??s predecessor was defeated after just before: Al Qaeda in Mesopotamia, established to fight the Americans right after the invasion of Iraq in 2003, was gutted and its leaders killed by 2009. That took thousands of American lives, several billions of dollars and an ultimately unsustainable effort to pay Sunni tribal leaders to fight against the group.

But soon after the Americans left Iraq, the group rose again from the shadows, and in its reincarnation became even much more brutal and determined.

Now that an array of regional and world powers, which includes rivals like Russia and the United States, Saudi Arabia and Iran, agree that the group need to be crushed, the query is how to steer clear of a repeat of previous failures.

Speaking to a diverse group of authorities, officials, religious scholars and former jihadis tends to make clear there is no consensus on a basic strategy to defeat the Islamic State. But there are some themes â?? like the need to have to take a decisive function in the Syrian conflict and to pushing a broader reformation of Islam â?? that a range of people who follow the group say must be element of a solution.

In August 2011, as the Syrian government improved its use of force to crush a well-liked uprising, President Obama referred to as for President Bashar al-Assad to go.

ISIS or Assad?

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A poster of President Bashar al-Assad of Syria on a destroyed shopping mall in Homs last year. The major powers in the civil war are not unified on regardless of whether to oust Mr. Assad or assistance him. Credit Sergey Ponomarev for The New York Times

â??For the sake of the Syrian people, the time has come for President Assad to step aside,â? he said.

Considering that then, a lot has changed, but not Mr. Obamaâ??s position. Even nowadays, even though prepared to tolerate Mr. Assad in power for a short transition, the United States has tried to battle the Islamic State inside Syria with out appearing to bolster Mr. Assad.

The Russians, nonetheless, insist that the concentrate must be on defeating the Islamic State, and that Mr. Assad is an ally in that battle.

Authorities say the United Statesâ?? position â?? beating the Islamic State and ousting Mr. Assad â?? has been largely ineffective on both counts. Now, they say, it is time for the United States to abandon the dual focus and take a stand.

One particular option is for the United States to align with Russia, Iran and the Syrian government, establishing an alliance to carry out an intensified war against the group.

â??You can not play two cards at once,â? mentioned Kirill V. Kabanov, a Russian security professional and a former domestic intelligence agent, describing what he sees as the flawed Western method of attempting to defeat each Mr. Assad and the Islamic State. He mentioned the remedy was choosing the lesser evil â?? Mr. Assad, in his view â?? in the Syrian civil war.

The other choice is for the United States to prioritize the removal of Mr. Assad, whose military has been responsible for far far more carnage in Syria than the Islamic State. As long as Mr. Assad is in energy, it will be difficult to get several Sunni rebels to help in the fight against the group.

â??There is probably no remedy to ISIS until there is a remedy to Assad,â? said J. M. Berger, a scholar at the Brookings Institution and a co-author of the book â??ISIS: The State of Terror.â? â??That is the element that paralyzes everything else.â?

Muslim pilgrims prayed in September near Islam’s holiest shrine, the Kaaba, at the Grand Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Some say differences within Islam need to have to be tackled. Credit Mohammed Al-Shaikh/Agence France-Presse â?? Getty Photos

An powerful, extended-term strategy to defeat the Islamic State demands an uncomfortable acknowledgment, some experts say: that there is an internal conflict inside Islam more than the path of the faith, with a radical strain that has enlisted thousands of fighters to its side.

â??The statement that this has nothing to do with Islam is disingenuous,â? said

A Russian soldier in the devastated Chechen capital of Grozny in 1995. The Russians’ crushing attacks on all of Chechen society in that campaign had been offered as a approach for defeating the Islamic State. Credit Shakh Aivazov/Linked Press

When the Obama administration started carrying out a bombing campaign against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria final year, it did so with caution to minimize civilian casualties. That meant, for instance, it did not go right after recognized targets in Raqqa, Syria â?? the Islamic Stateâ??s self-proclaimed capital â?? where far more than 1 million people live.

The campaign has no American advisers on the ground to pinpoint airstrikes and has to rely on Iraqis for targeting details in their nation, prompting specialists to criticize it as also modest to inflict sufficient harm on the terrorist group.

But if the world is wedded to a military remedy, it is most likely to come at a high cost in human lives. Some Russian and Israeli authorities argue that an powerful military method would have to meet brutality with brutality. It could not, they say, be waged only from the air.

Some Russians pointed to the operation to tame an Islamist insurgency in Chechnya. Russians successfully adopted a scorched-earth policy, devastating the capital, Grozny, and even holding the families of jihadists hostage.

In Chechnya, the houses of relatives were demolished or burned, and brothers and other members of militantsâ?? family had been abducted. Mr. Kabanov, the former Russian intelligence agent, said jihadists must be forced to consider twice before strapping on a suicide belt.

â??He must realize his relatives will become accomplices,â? he stated.

Speaking on Israeli radio on Sunday, Shabtai Shavit, a former chief of Mossad, the Israeli intelligence service, mentioned the international coalition that has been fighting the Islamic State for a lot more than a year must â??stop speaking and begin doing.â?

He continued: â??With this enemy, we have to push aside arguments on law, morality and comparisons of safety and the rights of the individual. That means to do what they did in World War II to Dresden. They wiped it off the map. That is what has to be carried out to all the territorial enclaves that ISIS is holding.â?

Unsaid, though, had been the thousands of deaths of civilians in Dresden.

Whilst Israel has also gone soon after households of bombers â?? demolishing properties, for instance â?? that approach backfired in Iraq, inflaming Sunni anger toward the Shiite-led government and enabling the Islamic Stateâ??s rise.

Eradicating the group militarily from the territory it controls could come with one more expense.

â??Thousands of angry young males who were manning checkpoints and policing the streets of I.S. will be freed up to commit terrorism alternatively,â? stated Mr. Berger, the Brookings scholar. â??The result will probably be a wave of terrorism the likes of which the globe has by no means seen.â?

Government

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A mural depicting ousted President Hosni Mubarak and other military rulers after the Egyptian revolution in 2012. Some say reforming governments will decrease the sway of terrorists. Credit Tomas Munita for The New York Occasions

For the extended term, eradicating the Islamic State and other violent jihadi groups will almost certainly need drastic reforms in the nature of governments in the Middle East: greater accountability, fair justice, much better schools, a lot more job prospects.

â??ISIS thrives on the failures of Middle Eastern governments,â? stated Mr. Hokayem, the analyst at the International Institute for Strategic Studies.

In Europe and the United States, much more attention to integrating Muslim communities, so young males do not turn radical, is also needed, analysts say.

â??We need to produce a better vision for our own society and far better prospects for young individuals and make sure they are far better integrated in to our society,â? stated Joost Hiltermann, the Middle East and North Africa system director for the International Crisis Group.

In the sweep of history, there is also a deep sense of decline amongst Muslim communities that extremist groups exploit, promising to restore a sense of dignity and prestige to the Islamic planet.

â??ISIS is tapping into a deep emotional wound amid Arabs and Muslims,â? stated Ed Husain, a British activist and author whose book, â??The Islamist,â? recounts his own turn away from youthful radicalism. â??For a lot more than a millennium, there were Muslim leaders who upheld Muslim dignity by means of unity and leadership. The Ottomans in the Middle East, for instance, and their Mamluk or Abbasid predecessors.â?

He mentioned that in establishing its so-named caliphate, the Islamic State has supplied an alternative to this historical decline.

Arab governments, he mentioned, â??cannot beat this transnational movement with secular nationalism, but discover from the E.U. on how it reinstated dignity and esteem to Germany, France and the continent via cost-free movement of men and women, labor and ideas.â?

This, he said, is the â??missing partâ? to a extended-term approach to defeat radical Islam.

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Agen Sabung Ayam – French President wants emergency powers; ISIS threatens U.S.

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At the identical time, ISIS threatened the United States that it could be subsequent.

“I swear to God, as we struck France in its stronghold Paris, we will strike America in its stronghold, Washington,” an ISIS fighter declared in a video released Monday.

The speech, and ISIS’ newest threat, came as police scoured France and Belgium in a hunt for suspects in Friday’s brutal attacks, which left at least 129 dead and 352 wounded.

In a rare speech to a joint session of parliament, Hollande urged lawmakers to approve a 3-month extension of the nation’s state of emergency, new laws that would enable authorities to strip the citizenship from French-born terrorists and provisions generating it less complicated to deport suspected terrorists.

He also proposed adding 5,000 positions to the country’s national paramilitary police force and stated he would not propose cuts in the nation’s defense spending until at least 2019.

He mentioned France would intensify its attacks on ISIS and referred to as for a U.N. Safety Council meeting to go over the worldwide threat posed by the group.

“We are not committed to a war of civilizations, due to the fact these assassins don’t represent any civilization,” Hollande stated. “We are in a war against terrorism, jihadism, which threatens the whole world.”

“Terrorism will not destroy France, due to the fact France will destroy it,” Hollande mentioned.

Raids across France

French police carried out raids around the nation overnight into Monday, bringing to 150 the quantity of raids below the country’s state of emergency considering that Friday.

A rocket launcher and bulletproof vest were among the things authorities seized, French Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve stated. The interior minister mentioned he had ordered that 104 folks be place under property arrest considering that the attacks.

In Belgium, authorities arrested seven individuals in weekend raids. 5 of them have been released, according to Jean-Pascal Thoreau of Belgium’s federal prosecutor’s workplace.

As particulars emerge about the seven terrorists killed in the attacks, an international manhunt is underway for Salah Abdeslam, who has already managed to slip by means of the fingers of authorities at least after.

Suspect at big described as dangerous

Abdeslam is a 26-year-old French citizen who was born in Belgium, French police said in a public request for details, warning that he is unsafe and need to not be approached. Belgium has issued an international warrant for his arrest.

Hours soon after the attacks, he was driving in the path of the Belgian border when police stopped and questioned him, a source close to the investigation into the Paris attacks said.

The French newspaper Le Monde reported that police hadn’t however linked him to the Paris attacks when they stopped him and two other people in a black Volkswagen Golf. When Belgian police stopped the car later Saturday, Abdeslam was no longer in it. Now, his whereabouts are unknown.

Investigators haven’t stated a lot about how they believe Abdeslam is tied to the shootings and bombings that targeted men and women at restaurants, bars, a concert venue and a sports stadium.

1 of his brothers was a suspect killed in the attacks, Thoreau said. An additional brother was arrested by Belgian police but later released.

The French newspaper Le Monde reported that Abdeslam rented the black Volkswagen Polo that was found outside the Bataclan concert hall exactly where three attackers massacred at least 89 individuals prior to blowing themselves up or being shot by police.

Paris terror attacks: Names of victims begin to emerge

Vehicle located with weapons inside

Le Monde reported that Salah Abdeslam’s older brother, Ibrahim, was the suicide bomber whose explosives detonated at a cafe on boulevard Voltaire in eastern Paris in the course of the wave of attacks on the city. The Paris prosecutor’s workplace has identified that attacker as a 31-year-old French citizen but hasn’t disclosed his name.

According to Le Monde, Ibrahim Abdeslam rented the black Seat auto that authorities say was employed in the string of deadly attacks on restaurants and bars on Friday. But it really is not however clear regardless of whether he was in the automobile at the time of the attacks, the newspaper stated.

The Seat was identified abandoned in the eastern Paris suburb of Montreuil with three Kalashnikov automatic rifles inside, CNN affiliate BFMTV reported Sunday.

An additional brother, Mohammed Abdeslam, spoke to CNN affiliate BFMTV soon after his release from custody, saying his parents have been in shock.

“My family and I are impacted by what occurred. We identified out by Television just like a lot of of you,” he stated. “We did not believe for a moment that 1 of our brothers was connected to these attacks.”

French officials believe that six of the people straight involved in the attacks had spent time in Syria, BFMTV reported Monday.

Two prominent ISIS members, Abdelhamid Abaaoud and Salim Benghalem, may possibly have been involved in organizing or masterminding the Paris attacks, a source close to the ongoing investigation tells CNN. Each have been involved in multiple terrorist plots in current years and are believed to be in Syria or Iraq.

Syrian passport holder linked to refugee flow

Attention is also heavily focused on a Syrian passport discovered close to the physique of a single of the 3 Stade de France bombers. The passport and a registration document for refugee status issued by Greek authorities led officials to a troubling conclusion, according to a French senator: The bomber was among a group of Syrian refugees who arrived on the Greek island of Leros on October three.

The senator, who was briefed by France’s interior minister, told CNN that the man was carrying the passport and also a registration document for refugee status by Greek authorities. The fingerprints of the passport holder taken by Greek authorities match these of the terrorist who blew himself up at the Stade de France, the senator stated.

The Paris prosecutor’s workplace on Monday confirmed the hyperlink, saying the passport bearing the name of Ahmad Al Mohammad, a 25-year-old from Idlib, nonetheless wants to be verified.

The feasible tie among one particular of the Paris attackers and the refugees from the Syrian war flocking to Europe this year has intensified concerns about how to handle the influx of folks.

European politicians who’ve been speaking out against the rush of migrants are already pointing to the attacks as an additional explanation to close their countries’ borders. And governors in at least 24 U.S. states have stated they won’t accept Syrian refugees in light of the Paris attacks.

Attack raises concerns internationally

In Britain, authorities mentioned they would enhance safety for Tuesday’s soccer match amongst England and France. And in Washington, transit police stepped up patrols to safeguard the city’s mass transit technique.

Much more patrols, much more dogs and random explosives screenings were introduced, along with unseen countermeasures meant to prevent an attack, the Metro Transit Police Department stated.

The Department of Homeland Safety mentioned it had no “certain credible information of an attack on the U.S. homeland.”

CIA Director John Brennan mentioned he would be surprised if the group does not have additional attacks in preparation.

“I would anticipate this is not the only operation they have in the pipeline,” he mentioned. “I do believe this is anything we will have to deal with for quite some time.”

City on edge

On Monday, Parisians attempted to return to college and perform in a city scarred by its second key terror attack this year. In January, terrorists stormed the offices of the satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo, killing 12.

At 1 intersection, police who arrived to direct targeted traffic Monday had been met by worried pedestrians asking “Is anything happening?”

At a Paris school, a father stated, “It is difficult to let them go off to school and for us to return to work, for everyone. We’re all just going to have to appear out for 1 one more.”

Patrick Klugman, the city’s deputy mayor, told CNN the evidence police have located in raids reveals a pattern.

“In each attack we had so far in the past, we uncover a lot of heavy war material not used. So we know that it is simple to find weapons in France, in Belgium, to commit attacks. And we know that they have the capacity to result in main harm,” he stated. “They did on Friday and possibly they can once again. That is why intelligence is so critical.”

Total coverage of Paris attacks

Margot Haddad reported from Paris, and Jethro Mullen wrote from Hong Kong. Atika Shubert, Christiane Amanpour, Ashley Fantz, Tim Lister, Catherine E. Shoichet, Nima Elbagir, Sebastian Knoops, Pierre Meilhan and Brian Walker contributed to this report.

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