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Europe needs U.S.-style bureau to tackle guns – professionals

PARIS Nov 28 If you happen to be not a hunter or a target shooter, it’s almost not possible to buy a gun legally in France. But the country’s strict gun handle laws are not adequate to preserve deadly weapons out of the hands of Islamist militants.

Gaps in the current laws, light sentences, and the absence of a European agency like the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), with its billion-dollar budget and thousands of agents, are the principal problems facing France and its neighbors as they concentrate on tackling gun trafficking in the wake of the Nov. 13 attacks in Paris, authorities mentioned.

The coordinated attacks, which killed 130 folks, had a cross-border dimension. Two of the suicide bombers lived in Belgium and German police arrested a man who, according to a newspaper, may possibly have sold the militants their guns.

“We need a European ATF,” stated Jean-Charles Antoine, a researcher at the French Institute of Geopolitics and author of two books on arms trafficking. “Gun trafficking usually turns on the require for guns. And right now terrorists need guns.”

France currently has some of the strictest gun laws in the globe. Automatic weapons are banned, although numerous other guns demand government authorization and a medical exam, along with a permit from a hunting or sport shooting federation.

The public is normally supportive of the laws, despite the fact that their attitudes getting changed dramatically over the decades, stated Paris lawyer Laurent-Franck Lienard. “Thirty years ago, France was a country where every person had guns and it was considered regular,” he mentioned.

The issue with challenging laws, Lienard mentioned, is that “they only apply to these who stick to them.” Illegal weapons are one more matter. Lienard said that Balkan gangsters used to handle the flow of guns in France in the 1990s. Today, there is a huge trade in the theft of legally-held guns.

There are an estimated 15 million legal and illegal guns circulating in France, according to Antoine of the French Institute of Geopolitics. Of those he stated up to 15,000 may be “weapons of war.”

But with comparatively couple of gun crimes compared to countries like the United States, European authorities have paid gun trafficking scant interest. “For the last 20 years we have worked mainly on drugs,” Antoine said.

In a striking coincidence, France’s answer to the issue came on the really day of the Nov. 13 attacks. That morning, Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve announced a national strategy to counter illegal guns, citing worsening gang violence and terrorism. “Terrorists are more effortlessly obtaining the guns they want to carry out their planned attacks,” he said.

The strategy will contain a database to map trafficking networks, modeled following one particular employed for drugs, and a unit to collect intelligence on Balkan-French gun pipelines. It would also give police more powers to perform undercover and track sellers or purchasers on the Internet, he stated at the time.

It is unclear no matter whether further measures are becoming studied in the wake of the attacks. Spokespeople for France’s Interior Ministry and the National Police declined to comment for this report.

INTELLIGENCE

Researchers say the challenge with gun-trafficking is gathering intelligence on networks before any attacks.

Nils Duquet, an arms researcher for the Flemish Parliament in Brussels, stated legislators may have to rethink the mandate of Europol, a police agency primarily based in The Hague that supports details exchange in between national police forces. Europol currently does not have the mandate to carry out investigations itself.

“Do we want that, or some kind of European police force set up to deal with transnational difficulties, such as arms trafficking and terrorism?” he asked.

In the U.S., the ATF assists perform this role, enforcing gun laws and targeting illegal trafficking. Designed in 1972, the agency investigated far more than 23,000 firearms situations and performed 360,000 traces last year.

The agency has practically 2,500 unique agents and a price range of $ 1.two billion, a far cry from the resources available in Europe, Antoine stated.

France has a section of police officers inside its organized crime unit assigned to trafficking, as do other European countries, but their numbers are comparatively handful of, he mentioned.

In the speech announcing the plan, Cazeneuve said he would boost maximum penalties for possessing the deadliest guns, from three to 5 years. Lienard, the Paris lawyer, mentioned judges in France rarely give jail terms longer than a single or two years.

“They need to be getting 30 years. They are selling death!” he mentioned.

Deactivated guns could also pose a threat. There are gaps in the law that enable these guns from nations such as Slovakia, which has lax rules on decommissioning, to be sold in France, Antoine stated. These weapons can be very easily reconverted into live fire weapons – a situation that played out for the duration of attacks in Paris last January.

On Nov. 18, the European Commission accelerated proposals to tighten gun laws on the continent, and announced harmonized policies for deactivating guns, to take impact in three months.

(Reporting by Andrew Chung. Extra reporting by Chine Labbé editing by Janet McBride)

Europe needs U.S.-style bureau to tackle guns – experts

PARIS If you’re not a hunter or a target shooter, it really is almost impossible to purchase a gun legally in France. But the country’s strict gun manage laws are not adequate to hold deadly weapons out of the hands of Islamist militants.

    Gaps in the current laws, light sentences, and the absence of a European agency like the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), with its billion-dollar spending budget and thousands of agents, are the principal difficulties facing France and its neighbors as they focus on tackling gun trafficking in the wake of the Nov. 13 attacks in Paris, experts said.

    The coordinated attacks, which killed 130 folks, had a cross-border dimension. Two of the suicide bombers lived in Belgium and German police arrested a man who, according to a newspaper, may possibly have sold the militants their guns.

    “We want a European ATF,” said Jean-Charles Antoine, a researcher at the French Institute of Geopolitics and author of two books on arms trafficking. “Gun trafficking constantly turns on the want for guns. And proper now terrorists require guns.”

    France already has some of the strictest gun laws in the planet. Automatic weapons are banned, although a lot of other guns need government authorization and a medical exam, along with a permit from a hunting or sport shooting federation.

    The public is usually supportive of the laws, although their attitudes having changed significantly more than the decades, stated Paris lawyer Laurent-Franck Lienard. “Thirty years ago, France was a nation exactly where everyone had guns and it was deemed regular,” he stated.

    The difficulty with hard laws, Lienard stated, is that “they only apply to these who comply with them.” Illegal weapons are another matter. Lienard said that Balkan gangsters utilized to manage the flow of guns in France in the 1990s. These days, there is a large trade in the theft of legally-held guns.

    There are an estimated 15 million legal and illegal guns circulating in France, according to Antoine of the French Institute of Geopolitics. Of those he said up to 15,000 may possibly be “weapons of war.”

    But with relatively few gun crimes compared to nations like the United States, European authorities have paid gun trafficking scant consideration. “For the last 20 years we have worked mainly on drugs,” Antoine said.

    In a striking coincidence, France’s answer to the problem came on the very day of the Nov. 13 attacks. That morning, Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve announced a national plan to counter illegal guns, citing worsening gang violence and terrorism. “Terrorists are far more effortlessly acquiring the guns they require to carry out their planned attacks,” he mentioned.

    The strategy will incorporate a database to map trafficking networks, modeled after one particular used for drugs, and a unit to collect intelligence on Balkan-French gun pipelines. It would also give police a lot more powers to work undercover and track sellers or buyers on the Internet, he mentioned at the time.

    It is unclear whether additional measures are getting studied in the wake of the attacks. Spokespeople for France’s Interior Ministry and the National Police declined to comment for this post.

    INTELLIGENCE

    Researchers say the challenge with gun-trafficking is gathering intelligence on networks just before any attacks.

    Nils Duquet, an arms researcher for the Flemish Parliament in Brussels, said legislators may possibly have to rethink the mandate of Europol, a police agency primarily based in The Hague that supports information exchange amongst national police forces. Europol presently does not have the mandate to carry out investigations itself.

    “Do we want that, or some sort of European police force set up to deal with transnational troubles, such as arms trafficking and terrorism?” he asked.

    In the U.S., the ATF helps execute this role, enforcing gun laws and targeting illegal trafficking. Developed in 1972, the agency investigated more than 23,000 firearms situations and performed 360,000 traces final year.

    The agency has almost 2,500 unique agents and a spending budget of $ 1.two billion, a far cry from the resources accessible in Europe, Antoine mentioned.

    France has a section of police officers within its organized crime unit assigned to trafficking, as do other European nations, but their numbers are comparatively few, he said.

    In the speech announcing the plan, Cazeneuve mentioned he would improve maximum penalties for possessing the deadliest guns, from three to five years. Lienard, the Paris lawyer, stated judges in France hardly ever give jail terms longer than a single or two years.

    “They ought to be acquiring 30 years. They’re promoting death!” he said.

    Deactivated guns could also pose a threat. There are gaps in the law that allow these guns from nations such as Slovakia, which has lax rules on decommissioning, to be sold in France, Antoine stated. These weapons can be effortlessly reconverted into live fire weapons – a situation that played out during attacks in Paris final January.

    On Nov. 18, the European Commission accelerated proposals to tighten gun laws on the continent, and announced harmonized policies for deactivating guns, to take effect in 3 months.

(Reporting by Andrew Chung. Extra reporting by Chine Labbé editing by Janet McBride)

Bandar Sabung Ayam

Agen Sabung Ayam – The bad sex award needs a new sort of climax | Peter Bradshaw

Agen Sabung Ayam

Jane Austen’s Persuasion: ‘And they’re not permitted to get away with airily claiming that subtle literary passages are significantly sexier – hey, Jane Austen is actually truly erotic.’ Photograph: Rex/Shutterstock

The Literary Review has been a force for good in British public life, and I must sentimentally say that it was the initial location I ever had something published. But in 1993 its editor, Auberon Waugh, developed a monster, soon to raise its ugly head once again – the undesirable sex award, a prize for the most embarrassing description of sex in a new novel.

On 1 December the winner will be announced, and the frontrunner seems to be Morrissey – whose debut novel List of the Lost has been extensively panned for its silly sexy bits. Nicely, I haven’t read that. But the bad sex award is a terribly English show of smug, gigglingly unfunny, charmless and spiteful bullying.

Related: Bad sex award 2015: the contenders in quotes

The writers who are baited in this way are of course supposed to grin and bear it, since to object in any way would be gleefully seized upon as proof of humourless priggishness. It is like a nightmare ritual from the prefects’ space at some seedy minor public school.

When he won the prize, AA Gill, to his wonderful credit, crisply compared Waugh’s own sex life to “the sound of one particular hand clapping”. I now have a suggestion. Those awarding the prize need to be compelled to cite literary passages that they consider are good sex: ie, explicit descriptions of sex that are not embarrassing.

And they’re not permitted to get away with airily claiming that subtle literary passages are a lot sexier – hey, Jane Austen is truly truly erotic, and so on, etc. No. The undesirable sex judges need to say what explicit sex is very good, and thereby danger revealing some thing about their personal private lives.

Really low-cost thrills

Talking of literary sex, the topic was raised among the mourners at the current sad and lovely funeral of the Observer’s legendary film critic Philip French, in a way that would have entertained Philip himself.

A single of the congregants, Karl Marx’s biographer Francis Wheen, told me that a notorious erotic novel – a work by the New Statesman’s former film critic John Coleman – had recently been reissued as a Kindle download. Whilst pursuing a bohemian and dissolute existence in Paris, Coleman wrote erotica for Maurice Girodias’s Olympia Press, in a series that included functions by the Marquis de Sade and Jean Genet. His book was named The Enormous Bed, published under the pseudonym Henry Jones, the story of an amorous young man’s postwar adventures. It’s now offered once more for £1.49.

Adele’s river roots

There’s a new explanation for acquiring excited about Adele’s new album 25. It has loads of vivid psycho-geography. One of the most striking tracks is River Lea, in which Adele finds the mystic supply of her inspiration not just in the north London district of Tottenham, exactly where she was born, but in the nearby River Lea itself, which flows from the Chiltern Hills through east and north London before joining the Thames.

Connected: Adele: 25 assessment – ‘We’ve been right here before,’ she sings. And she’s right

I’ve always located it fantastic: when our son was quite small, we used to take him for bike rides by the Lea: it has an eerie rus in urbe feel. Here’s what Adele sings: “When I was a youngster I grew up by the River Lea / There was anything in the water, now that something’s in me … But it’s in my roots, it’s in my veins / It’s in my blood.”

Iain Sinclair is going to really like Adele’s song. He is passionate about the Lea. Here’s how he wrote about it in 2002: “The earlier spelling … was Ley, which is even far better. Lea as ley, it often had that really feel. A route out. A river track that walked the walker, a wet road. The Lea fed our Hackney dreaming: a water margin.” I feel Adele must invite Sinclair up on stage to sing a special River Lea duet.