Tag Archives: FRANCE

France says ‘very attentive’ to Iran U.N. ballistic missile curbs

PARIS France will pay close consideration to guarantee Iran respects a U.N. Safety Council resolution banning it from ballistic missile tests, the Foreign Ministry mentioned on Tuesday soon after U.S. officials mentioned Tehran had performed a new launch in November.

Iran tested a new medium-range ballistic missile on Nov. 21 in a breach of two U.N. Security Council resolutions, two U.S. officials stated on Monday, the second since October. France’s view is crucial as it is one of 5 worldwide powers that are permanent, veto-wielding members of the Council.

“France will be very attentive that Iran respects its international obligations in line with U.N. Safety Council Resolution 1929,” ministry spokesman Romain Nadal said in response to a query on the test.

He did not especially confirm the launch and officials declined to comment when pressed.

All ballistic missile tests by Iran are banned below a 2010 Safety Council resolution that remains valid till a deal between Iran and six globe powers meant to restrain its nuclear system is implemented.

Beneath that deal, reached on July 14, most sanctions on Iran will be lifted in exchange for curbs on its nuclear activity aimed at guaranteeing it can’t be put to developing bombs. Sanctions are due to start becoming lifted at the begin of 2016.

According to a July 20 resolution endorsing that deal, Iran is still “called upon” to refrain from operate for up to eight years on ballistic missiles that could be developed to deliver nuclear weapons.

In October, the United States, Britain, France and Germany known as for the Safety Council’s Iran sanctions committee to take action over a missile test by Tehran that month that they mentioned violated U.N. sanctions.

So far, no action has been taken by the committee.

Nadal mentioned at the time that the October test sent “a worrying message” to the international neighborhood.

Paris took 1 of the hardest lines of the six powers negotiating the nuclear agreement with Iran.

(Reporting by John Irish Editing by Mark Heinrich)

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France says Russian strikes in Syria must only target Islamic State

PARIS Russian air strikes in Syria must clearly target only Islamic State, France’s foreign ministry said on Monday in response to inquiries more than current raids by Moscow on opposition groups in the north of the nation.

Soon after traveling to the Russian capital on Thursday, French President Francois Hollande stated he had agreed with his counterpart Vladimir Putin that these attacks would only hit Islamic State and similar jihadi groups in Syria.

The West has accused Moscow of mainly targeting Western-backed rebel groups fighting Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

Asked about strikes considering that Friday on ethnic Turkmen regions near the Syrian-Turkish border, foreign ministry spokesman Romain Nadal mentioned: “There can be no possible ambiguity on the objectives being pursued, which have to only target the destruction of Daesh (Islamic State).”

Given that Hollande’s pay a visit to, tensions between Russia and Turkey over a downed Russian fighter jet have elevated. Russian air strikes in northwest Syria have heavily targeted ethnic Turkmen regions, according to a Reuters information analysis of Russian defense ministry data.

Ankara has traditionally expressed solidarity with the Syrian Turkmen, who are Syrians of Turkish descent.

(Reporting by John Irish Editing by Tom Heneghan)

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France pays tribute to victims of Paris attacks

PARIS France paid tribute on Friday to the 130 largely young folks killed even though they have been enjoying themselves in Paris two weeks ago by Islamist gunmen and suicide bombers in the most deadly attacks the nation has observed given that Globe War Two.

Blue-white-and-red French flags hung from the windows of public buildings and private houses as hundreds of survivors and relatives of the dead joined political leaders for a remembrance ceremony at the military museum Les Invalides in the capital.

The militant group Islamic State has claimed duty for the Nov. 13 attacks, which targeted cafes, restaurants, a sports stadium and a rock concert. More than 350 people have been wounded and practically one hundred of them stay in hospital.

Beneath a wintry sky, the names and ages of the 130 victims had been study out. A majority have been beneath 35 and they came from all over France and from 17 other nations.

In a poignant but defiant speech, President Francois Hollande vowed to destroy Islamic State and urged his compatriots to support combat the group simply by continuing to go to bars, restaurants and cultural and sporting events and to take pleasure in the simple pleasures he stated the militants hated.

“I solemnly guarantee you all that France will do every thing to defeat the army of fanatics who have committed these crimes, that she will act tirelessly to safeguard her kids,” he mentioned.

“The terrorists want to divide us, to oppose us, to pit us against one one more. They will fail. They have the cult of death, we have the really like of life,” he said.

Hollande said the Nov. 13 attacks have been portion of a chain stretching back to the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks in the United States, and he noted that a lot of other countries – including, this month alone, Mali and Tunisia – had been hit by militant groups.

Most of the assailants in the Paris attacks killed themselves utilizing suicide vests or were killed by police but French and Belgian authorities are nevertheless hunting other folks suspected of involvement or possibly plotting new attacks.

Last week the French parliament backed a three-month extension of a state of emergency declared immediately following the attacks to allow security forces greater scope in combating militant Islamist groups.

France has also stepped up its aerial bombing campaign of Islamic State targets in Syria. This week, Hollande held separate talks with the leaders of the United States, Russia, Britain, Germany and Italy on how to crush the militants.

“We will defeat this enemy. Together. With our forces, these of the republic. With our arms, those of democracy. With our institutions, with international law,” a somber Hollande said.

The Nov. 13 attacks came 11 months soon after Islamist militants killed 17 folks in Paris, most of them at the offices of the Charlie Hebdo satirical newspaper and at a kosher supermarket.

(Reporting by Brian Love and Gareth Jones Editing by Dominic Evans)

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German lawmakers to talk about help for France in IS fight

BERLIN Lawmakers from Germany’s ruling parties will meet on Thursday afternoon to go over how Berlin can give much more assistance to France in the fight against Islamic State militants following the deadly attacks in Paris.

French President Francois Hollande asked Germany to offer far more help on Wednesday evening, during a visit by Chancellor Angela Merkel. She promised to “react quite rapidly” to the request.

Lawmakers from her conservative bloc and those from the center-left Social Democrats have been invited to attend separate meetings at five p.m. (1600 GMT) on Thursday to go over the matter.

(Reporting by Thorsten Severin and Holger Hansen Writing by Noah Barkin Editing by Paul Carrel)

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France, Belgium widen probe into Paris attacks, Hollande meets with Obama

PARIS/BRUSSELS An investigation into the Nov. 13 attacks in Paris widened on Tuesday when French prosecutors said a man who offered lodging to the suspected ringleader should have known of a militant plot, and Belgium issued a warrant for a new suspect.

Painting a chilling image of ringleader Abdelhamid Abaaoud, the Paris prosecutor said that right after dropping off the gunmen and suicide bombers at the cafes and bars exactly where the attacks were to take spot, he later returned to the scene even though the killing spree was in complete swing.

The coordinated attacks, in which 130 men and women had been killed, prompted France to declare a national state of emergency and to step up air strikes in Syria on Islamic State, the militant group that has claimed duty.

President Francois Hollande, seeking to rally international assistance for the military campaign against Islamic State, met with U.S. President Barack Obama at the White House on Tuesday exactly where they agreed to scale up operations against Islamic State in Syria and Iraq.

At a joint news conference, Hollande stated he and Obama shared a “relentless determination to fight terrorism anywhere and everywhere.”

In Paris, prosecutor Francois Molins mentioned Islamist militants who died for the duration of a shootout with police on Nov. 18 had been plotting an attack on the capital’s business district. Reuters exclusively reported the plot to attack the district of La Defense on Nov. 18.

Molins mentioned he had place beneath formal investigation a Frenchman who had provided lodging for Abaaoud and his associates at the apartment in the suburb of St. Denis.

“Jawad Bendaoud himself welcomed the terrorists on Nov. 17 towards 10:45 p.m. He could not have been in any doubt … that he was taking element in a terrorist organisation,” Molins told a news conference.

Bendaoud stated that ahead of he was detained by police last Wednesday he had been asked to put up two people for three days in the apartment, but had no thought one particular of them might have been the suspected mastermind of the Nov. 13 attacks.

Abaaoud died during the police raid along with Hasna Aitboulahcen, a woman believed to be his cousin, and an as yet unidentified third particular person.


French investigators are nevertheless piecing together precisely who did what when and have launched a hunt to discover Salah Abdeslam, who is suspected of becoming the eighth attacker mentioned by Islamic State when it claimed duty.

Abdeslam, 26, fled to Belgium the day following the shootings and his presumed presence in Brussels was 1 of the aspects behind a security lockdown in the city more than the past couple of days.

Fearing an imminent Paris-style attack, Belgium has extended a maximum security alert in Brussels till next Monday. About half the stations on its metro system will reopen on Wednesday along with city schools, but 300 additional police officers and 200 soldiers will be deployed.

Belgium has been at the heart of investigations into the attacks since France stated two of the suicide bombers in Paris had lived there. 5 men and women, which includes two who travelled with Abdeslam back to Brussels, have been charged with terrorist offences in Belgium. Abdeslam’s brother, Brahim, blew himself up.

Belgium’s state prosecutor, in a statement announcing details of other folks charged in the case, stated on Tuesday it had issued an international arrest warrant for Mohamed Abrini, who was seen with Abdeslam two days before the attacks.

Abrini, 30, was filmed with Abdeslam at a fuel station in northern France on Nov. 11 and was driving the Renault Clio car later utilized by the attackers in the French capital.

A police wanted poster described Abrini as “unsafe and possibly armed”.

While main purchasing centres in Brussels remained closed on Tuesday, two Ikea furniture shops on the edge of town reopened, along with some of the bigger supermarkets in the city.

The Magritte museum remained shut, even so, and Brussels had however to make a decision whether to open its Christmas market on Friday in the historic Grand Location, where workers have set up stalls with an armoured personnel carrier in the background.

“We are at the time of year when we are supposed to have a lot of individuals, and enhance business,” stated Brussels toy shop worker Laeticia Shalaj. “Folks are scared and are afraid of leaving their houses.”

Given that the Paris killings, France has moved its flagship Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier into the eastern Mediterranean to step up its bombardments of Islamic State targets in Syria and Iraq.

France said late on Tuesday its warplanes had destroyed an Islamic State command centre at Tal Afar, some 45 km (28 miles) west of Mosul in Iraq.

Right after talks with Hollande at the White Residence, Obama said: “We are here today to declare that the United States and France stand united in total solidarity to deliver justice to these terrorists and those who sent them and to defend our nations.”

As millions of Americans prepare to travel for the U.S. Thanksgiving vacation on Thursday, Obama acknowledged worry among Americans of a Paris-style attack in the United States.

The White House mentioned Obama was set to meet on Wednesday morning with his national security advisers to evaluation the “homeland security posture” of the United States soon after the Paris attacks and “as we enter the vacation season.

“The president was briefed that there is at the moment no distinct, credible threat to the homeland” from Islamic State, the White Home mentioned.

Hollande is due to check out Moscow on Thursday, where he and Russian President Vladimir Putin are expected to talk about approaches of boosting their campaign to crush Islamic State.


Tracing Abdeslam’s movements considering that the attacks has been a major concentrate of the investigations in Paris. An explosive belt was discovered dumped close to the capital on Monday, close to a place exactly where his mobile telephone was detected the night soon after the attacks, the prosecutor mentioned.

Molins mentioned the belt was comparable to those utilised by the bombers during the Nov. 13 attacks, despite the fact that it was nevertheless being established on Tuesday whether the belt was Abdeslam’s.

One particular theory was that Abdeslam had intended to blow himself up in the 18th district of Paris but had abandoned the strategy, even though it was not clear why.

(Additional reporting by Chine Labbe, David Clarke and Myriam Rivet in Paris, John Irish and Roberta Rampton in Washington, Miranda Alexander-Webber and Alastair MacDonald in Brussels and Julie Rimbert in Toulouse Writing by Gareth Jones and Peter Cooney Editing by David Stamp and Sandra Maler)

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Agen Sabung Ayam – Leaders of France and Belgium Seek Tougher Safety Measures

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Prime Minister Charles Michel of Belgium asked Parliament on Thursday to approve strict new safety measures. Credit Dirk Waem/Agence France-Presse â?? Getty Images

PARIS â?? The prime ministers of France and Belgium sought additional authority on Thursday to respond to the deadly attacks in Paris final week, with Manuel Valls saying the French individuals want â??strong, fast and efficient reactions,â? and Charles Michel of Belgium asking Parliament to approve a range of challenging new security measures.

Mr. Valls, in a speech at the National Assembly, exactly where lawmakers were debating a three-month extension of a state of emergency, warned that France â??must not rule something outâ? when contemplating the possibility that terrorists may use chemical weapons, even though he did not provide any indication that investigators suspected an imminent attack.

Mr. Valls also known as for reinforced tracking of the movements of folks inside the European Union and urged European countries to enhance the sharing of airline passenger details.

â??France has been attacked,â? Mr. Valls mentioned in justifying the need to extend the state of emergency. â??French men and women are below shock. They are expecting from all of us some strong, rapid and powerful reactions.â?

A number of recent terrorism situations in Europe have had some connection to Belgium.

Among some extended-term measures, Mr. Valls announced the creation of a â??structure for radicalized youthsâ? that would accommodate those who say they are prepared to abandon extremist views. Admission to the program would be contingent on a judicial overview, Mr. Valls mentioned, and jihadists returning from Iraq or Syria would not be permitted to participate.

â??Their place is in prison,â? he mentioned.

On Wednesday, President François Hollande announced at a gathering of French mayors that, if requested, neighborhood police forces would be supplied with weapons and bulletproof jackets from the stockpiles of the national police.

The National Assembly, Franceâ??s reduce property of Parliament, later authorized by an overwhelming margin a 3-month extension of the state of emergency that Mr. Hollande declared soon after the attacks.

Five hundred and fifty-one representatives voted in favor of extending the state of emergency, with six opposing the move and 1 abstaining. The 3-month period would commence on Nov. 26 Franceâ??s upper home of Parliament, the Senate, will contemplate the extension and vote on Friday, and similar help is expected there.

In Belgium, Mr. Michel announced new security measures intended to step up the fight against terrorism, and he named for closer international cooperation to combat extremist groups, such as the Islamic State, by strengthening Europeâ??s external borders and by functioning together at the United Nations.

He asked Parliament to double the budget for state safety in fighting terrorism, adding 400 million euros, or about $ 427 million, and to extend the maximum detention time without charges in suspected terrorism circumstances to 72 hours from 24 hours. He also referred to as on lawmakers to give the government the authority to shut down mosques where hate speech is preached.

The government also mentioned it would enhance recruitment for security forces and would invest in new technology and improved communication systems. It will also extend the use of investigative techniques for terrorism instances, like wiretapping and raids on private residences, to other crimes, in particular arms trafficking, a new priority.

If Parliament passes the measures, Belgians who travel abroad to fight with the Islamic State would be imprisoned upon their return, and individuals believed to be at risk of going overseas to wage jihad would be offered an electronic bracelet and could be stripped of their Belgian citizenship, a measure that France is also considering.

Other Belgian proposals would shut down sites that propagate hate speech and would introduce routine identity controls for passengers boarding planes and high-speed trains. Also, for the very first time, the authorities would be permitted to conduct raids at evening in terrorism cases currently, raids are not allowed among 9 p.m. and 5 a.m.

Bart Tommelein, the federal secretary in charge of privacy and a member of the Belgian security council, said the measures have been intended to strike a balance between delivering safety for law-abiding citizens and giving the authorities the tools needed to avert terrorism.

â??We need to be truthful, when we are talking about terrorists, then privacy doesnâ??t exist,â? Mr. Tommelein mentioned. â??If we are talking about suspected terrorists and people who have committed such crimes, then privacy doesnâ??t exist. So for folks who go to Syria, or return from Syria, that border can be crossed, they drop that correct. But me and you may possibly not be broken by that.â?

Human Rights Watch Belgium acknowledged the genuine threat of future attacks but expressed concerns that the measures could lead to indiscriminate detentions or unnecessary restrictions on freedom of speech, movement and religion.

â??Like every nation, Belgium has a duty to defend its folks from attacks, but it need to not trample fundamental rights in the process,â? said Letta Tayler, a senior terrorism and counterterrorism researcher at Human Rights Watch. â??Whenever a country is attacked or threatened, there is a danger that governments will overreact in an work to make people secure.â?

The measures follow a package proposed in January, 1 day following a raid in Verviers, Belgium, that killed two males suspected of belonging to a terrorist cell run by Abdelhamid Abaaoud, who French officials mentioned was the planner of the Paris attacks and died in a raid north of the city on Wednesday.

Separately, the White House said President Obama would not abandon plans to attend

Agen Sabung Ayam – Chief Suspect in Paris Attacks Died in Raid, France Says

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Forensic authorities and police officers on Thursday outside the developing that was raided a day earlier in St.-Denis, a suburb north of Paris. Credit Kenzo Tribouillard/Agence France-Presse â?? Getty Photos

BRUSSELS â?? As the French authorities continued DNA tests to decide whether or not the Belgian man suspected of organizing the Paris terrorist attacks was killed in a raid, the Belgian police carried out its own sweep in Brussels on Thursday.

Six raids are getting carried out in Brussels in relation to Bilal Hadfi, one particular of the dead Paris attackers, a spokesman for the Belgian federal prosecutor mentioned, adding that the homes of Mr. Hadfiâ??s pals and relatives were being searched.

The latest search for suspects came as the French prime minister, Manuel Valls, mentioned an attack employing â??chemical or biological weaponsâ? in France could not be ruled out the Belgian prime minister, Charles Michel, asked Parliament to approve a selection of new safety measures and the Paris prefecture extended a ban on protests in the Paris area until Sunday.

At least some of the raids were being performed in Molenbeek, the Brussels district that has emerged as a vital link in the investigation of the attacks in Paris on Friday that left at least 129 men and women dead.

Molenbeek was the base for Abdelhamid Abaaoud, the Belgian who is believed to have organized the attacks, and the Abdeslam brothers: Salah, who is nevertheless at big, and Ibrahim, who died right after he detonated a suicide bomb at a cafe on Friday.

Mr. Abaaoud was the focus of a raid on Wednesday in St.-Denis, a suburb on the northern edge of Paris, that ended with eight men and women in custody.

On Wednesday, the French prosecutor, François Molins, said only that Mr. Abaaoud was not taken into custody. The authorities had been conducting tests on the remains of at least two bodies that have been located right after the raid, in which a suicide bomber died soon after she detonated an explosive vest.

Mr. Valls, in a speech at the French National Assembly, exactly where lawmakers were debating a three-month extension of a state of emergency, warned that â??we need to not rule something outâ? when considering the possibility that terrorists may use chemical weapons.

Mr. Valls also known as for reinforced tracking of movements of individuals within the European Union and urged European nations to increase the sharing of airline passenger data.

â??France has been attacked,â? Mr. Valls stated in justifying the require to extend the state of emergency. â??French individuals are below shock. They are expecting from all of us some sturdy, swift and powerful reactions.â?

On Wednesday, President François Hollande announced at a gathering of French mayors that nearby police forces would be supplied with weapons and bulletproof jackets, taken from the stocks of the national police, for these that requested them.

In Belgium, Mr. Michel announced new safety measures intended to strengthen the fight again terrorism.

Mr. Michel asked Parliament to double the price range for state security to 400 million euros, or about $ 427 million, and to extend the maximum detention time with no charges in suspected terror circumstances to 72 hours from 24 hours. He also desires lawmakers to give the government the authority to shut down mosques that preach hate speech.

The government also mentioned it would increase recruitment for security forces, and invest in new technology and better communication systems. It will also extend the use of investigative strategies for terror circumstances, like wiretapping and raids on private homes, to other crimes, in certain arms trafficking, a new priority.

If Parliament passes the measures, Belgians who travel abroad to fight with the Islamic State would be imprisoned upon their return, and men and women believed to be at risk of going overseas to wage jihad would be given an electronic bracelet and could be stripped of their Belgian citizenship, a measure that France is also considering.

The measures follow a package proposed in January, a single day after a raid in Verviers, Belgium, that killed two guys suspected of belonging to a terror cell run by Mr. Abaaoud.


Agen Sabung Ayam – News Analysis: For France, an Alliance Against ISIS May possibly Be Easier Stated Than Done

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PARIS — By attacking civilian targets effectively beyond its territory, the Islamic State has seemingly achieved what diplomats had failed to do. All of a sudden, the international order has been scrambled, drawing the United States, Russia and France together in a feasible alliance against the terrorist group.

Every single of the 3 longtime powers now has its own reasons for wanting to destroy the Islamic State soon after the pitiless attacks on civilians in Paris and the downing of a Russian passenger jet carrying vacationers. President Obama has provided intelligence to facilitate French airstrikes and suggested he was open to far more cooperation with Russia.

But so far, that alliance remains largely theoretical. Even as President François Hollande of France requires on the function of bridge builder with back-to-back trips subsequent week to Washington and Moscow, strong centrifugal forces are nonetheless pulling the would-be partners apart as competing national interests challenge efforts to translate that newly shared aspiration into a sustained collaboration more than time.

Mr. Obama and President Vladimir V. Putin harbor fundamental disagreements more than a host of problems that have not been dissolved by the Paris attacks. Dividing them are the Russian annexation of Crimea and its meddling in eastern Ukraine, Moscow’s efforts to demonize Washington and undermine self-confidence in NATO’s commitment to collective defense, and the Kremlin’s assistance of President Bashar al-Assad of Syria.

Graphic | Untangling the Overlapping Conflicts in the Syrian War What started as a well-known uprising against the Syrian government 4 years ago has grow to be a proto-world war with nearly a dozen nations embroiled in two overlapping conflicts.

“It’s certainly a good factor for us and a great thing for France if we have a a lot more coordinated strategy toward these airstrikes in Syria,” mentioned Karen Donfried, a former White Residence adviser to Mr. Obama who is now the president of the German Marshall Fund of the United States. “But how committed Russia actually is about taking on the Islamic State, I don’t believe any of us really knows. I stay genuinely skeptical that our interests converge right here.”

Strobe Talbott, the president of the Brookings Institution and a former deputy secretary of state, mentioned any genuine alliance would demand a seismic alter in the Russians’ strategy toward Syria, exactly where they say they are attempting to fight terrorism but seem more bent on preserving Mr. Assad.

“Maybe it is getting by means of to them,” Mr. Talbott stated. “They preserve speaking about being component of a resolution. But they speak the speak of getting part of the remedy and they walk the walk of becoming element of the problem.”

Just how complicated assembling such a coalition would be was underscored Wednesday when French diplomats at the United Nations started discussions with colleagues on the Safety Council on a draft measure authorizing force against the Islamic State. The French ambassador, François Delattre, described it as “short, powerful and focused on the fight against our frequent enemy.”

But just as France prepared to share its measure with council diplomats, Russia floated a proposal of its own, resurrecting a draft resolution that went nowhere earlier this fall because it insisted on cooperating with the government of nations affected by terrorism — in Syria’s case, with Mr. Assad. Vitaly I. Churkin, the Russian ambassador, stated failing to perform with the government “is certainly weakening the possibility of a joint fight against terrorists.”

Aides stated privately that Mr. Obama was skeptical, but in meetings in Turkey, the Philippines, Austria and Paris over the last couple of days, he and his secretary of state, John Kerry, have held their reservations and broached the possibility of Russia and the United States working together to defeat the Islamic State.

Following meeting with Mr. Putin final weekend in Turkey, Mr. Obama said in Manila on Wednesday that Russia had been “a constructive partner” in talks in Vienna searching for a road map for a cease-fire in the Syrian civil war that has offered rise to the Islamic State. But for additional cooperation, he said, Mr. Putin should direct significantly less at the Syrian rebels supported by the United States and more at the Islamic State, also recognized as ISIS or ISIL.

“The problem has been in their initial military incursion into Syria, they have been far more focused on propping up President Assad,” Mr. Obama said. If Mr. Putin “shifts his focus and the focus of his military to what is the principal threat, which is ISIL, then that is what we want to see.”

Interactive Feature | Most recent Updates Get the newest from the attacks Friday in Paris.

Mr. Hollande, under huge stress at residence after the attacks, is attempting to take the diplomatic initiative. Sensing a chance for rapprochement, he plans to travel to Washington on Tuesday to meet with Mr. Obama, and then to Moscow to meet with Mr. Putin. Mr. Hollande stated on Wednesday that he desires to forge “a massive coalition” to act “decisively” against the Islamic State.

In pursuing such a coalition, Mr. Hollande was cautious not to ask the NATO alliance to come to France’s defense below Write-up five, which obligates members to aid one one more in case of attack. That write-up has been invoked only once, right after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks on the United States.

Given Mr. Obama’s adamant resistance to putting huge numbers of American ground forces in Syria or Iraq, a French diplomat said on Wednesday that Paris was unwilling to embarrass Mr. Obama by “asking for the impossible.”

Alternatively, to broaden France’s diplomatic support, Mr. Hollande invoked an unusual article in the Lisbon Treaty governing the European Union. Post 42.7 states that if a member is topic to “armed aggression on its territory” other members have an “obligation of help and assistance by all the means in their power” constant with their obligations to NATO.

Graphic | ISIS Is Probably Accountable for Almost 1,000 Civilian Deaths Outdoors Iraq and Syria At least a dozen countries have had attacks considering that the Islamic State, or ISIS, began to pursue a global technique in the summer season of 2014.

Asked on Twitter why France invoked the European Union treaty and not the NATO charter, Gérard Araud, the French ambassador to Washington, wrote that one reason was “the dialogue with Russia.” The implication was that Russia is hostile toward NATO and as a result invoking the alliance’s help may well be provocative toward Moscow.

The European Union nations voted unanimously to help France, but the treaty does not commit them to military action and intelligence sharing is already effectively created. No other European nation has been willing to confront Islamic radicalism as the French have, at property and in Mali, Iraq and Syria.

Even Britain, nonetheless bruised from its participation in the Iraq invasion of 2003, has not been prepared to strike inside Syria. Prime Minister David Cameron has promised to seek approval from Parliament ahead of action in Syria and to proceed only if he has “a clear majority.” The election of Jeremy Corbyn, the new tough-left Labour Celebration leader, has not produced that less difficult.

The United States, Europe and Russia have had moments given that the Cold War when their interests converged. Walter Slocombe, a former under secretary of defense, recalled that the American and Russian militaries worked together in Bosnia and Kosovo. In Bosnia, he mentioned, “it worked out O.K., but that was a different Russia and an practically completely benign environment.”

Interactive Feature | How ISIS Expanded Its Threat The Islamic State emerged from a group of militants in Iraq to take more than massive portions of Iraq and Syria, and now threatens other countries in Europe and elsewhere.

The Obama administration is suspicious that beyond bolstering Mr. Assad, Russia’s real goal in Syria is taking consideration off Ukraine — in impact, trading the status quo for collaboration in the Middle East. “Are we willing to give up on Ukraine?” asked Ivo H. Daalder, Mr. Obama’s former ambassador to NATO and now president of the Chicago Council on International Affairs. “I’m worried that we fall in this trap.”

Beyond the United States, Russia and Europe, there are other players in Syria, specifically Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Saudi Arabia. Mr. Kerry has worked to forge a consensus among them. But as Mr. Daalder mentioned, “except for France and the United States, at this point no 1 thinks going after ISIS is the initial priority.”

With out that, he mentioned, “I don’t see this as a new coalition.”

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