Tag Archives: Could

Turkey could hold separate referenda on constitution, presidential system: PM

ANKARA Turkey might hold two separate referenda on whether or not to adopt a new constitution, and a proposed move to an executive presidential technique, Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu said on Monday.

Speaking on A Haber Tv, Davutoglu mentioned he would start talks with the opposition subsequent week on a new constitution and a feasible move away from the current parliamentary technique, and that the government would supply a peaceful atmosphere for discussions.

Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan has repeatedly named for an executive presidency that would give him higher powers, some thing opposition parties strongly oppose.

(Reporting by Ece Toksabay, writing by Jonny Hogg Editing by David Dolan)

Agen Sabung Ayam

Why Liverpool could not implement Klopp plan

Liverpool lacked their usual intensity in Sunday’s surprise two- defeat at Newcastle since Jurgen Klopp did not choose a team that could implement his gameplan.

Liverpool's starting line-up vs Newcastle

Liverpool lined up in a 4-two-three-1 formation against Newcastle, with Christian Benteke leading their attack

With Newcastle in such poor type and so nervy, on prime of the way his side have been counter-attacking so effectively of late, I believed beforehand that it would be a game that would play into Klopp’s hands.

But the Reds have been never on the front foot higher up the pitch in the identical way they had been against, say, Manchester City when they won four-1 at the Etihad Stadium last month.

In that game Liverpool’s forwards were putting City’s centre-halves and full-backs under continual stress and setting traps for them anytime they have been on the ball.

Against Newcastle, in contrast, they allowed the residence group to slowly develop into the game and the Magpies went on to win it convincingly.

The Magpies have been the very first team to run further and make a lot more sprints than Liverpool in a Premier League game since Klopp took charge, but matching the Reds’ operate-price was not the only reason they won.

Liverpool manager Jurgen Klopp

Liverpool’s defeat at St James’ Park was their first in six away matches under Klopp, and only his second in 12 games as Reds boss

‘Liverpool lacked intensity up front’

Liverpool’s basic stats against Newcastle – their total distance covered and quantity of sprints – were typical of the type of figures we have noticed in some of their impressive wins under Klopp, but anything was clearly missing from their functionality, and it began up front.

Liverpool in the Premier League below Klopp

Opposition Result Distance covered (km) Sprints

Tottenham (a)

D –

113.5

621

Southampton (h)

D 1-1

114.five

559

Chelsea (a)

W three-1

115.1

497

C Palace (h)

L 1-2

110.9

527

Man City (a)

W four-1

117.4

625

Swansea (h)

W 1-

108.9

542

Newcastle (a)

L -two

116.5

579

Klopp clearly had a program, and a purpose, for going with Christian Benteke to lead his attack, as opposed to the front three he had against City when he did not field a recognised striker.

That was often going to imply a drop in the quantity of higher intensity pressing his group were able to do from the front, simply because Benteke is not truly that sort of player.

Liverpool striker Christian Benteke

Benteke had made the fewest touches of any Liverpool outfield player (31) when he was replaced by Adam Lallana after 62 minutes. He had one particular shot, which was off target – Liverpool did not have a shot on target till the 89th minute

Take Benteke out and replace him with an additional attacking midfielder and you are automatically going to get far more intensity high up the pitch.

There was an additional significant distinction in midfield at St James’ Park, with Emre Can missing due to the fact of suspension.

That meant Klopp had a midfield of Joe Allen and Lucas Leiva, who are each much more like holding players, compared to Can, who is far a lot more dynamic and operates box-to-box.

I am not saying Benteke – or Allen and Lucas – have been completely to blame for Liverpool’s defeat but with each other they were contributing variables, and I consider Klopp got his team incorrect this time.

Lucas and Allen’s touches for Liverpool vs Newcastle

Lucas Leiva Joe Allen
Lucas Leiva and Joe Allen's touches vs Newcastle

Amongst them, Lucas (102) and Allen (78) had 180 touches against Newcastle, but only three of them were inside the Newcastle location, all by Allen

‘It will take eight-12 months to apply Klopp’s stamp’

Sunday’s defeat showed Klopp is nonetheless attempting to operate out the strengths and weaknesses of the players in his squad, and discovering out who can fit into his gameplan.

He made six changes from Wednesday’s 6-1 Capital One Cup win at Southampton, and he is naturally providing all of his players an opportunity, which is a positive point. I feel the explanation he did not seem also down right after losing to Newcastle was that he realises it is element of the approach.

Game was not the most significant exciting – Klopp

It will possibly be about eight to 12 months, and at least a couple of transfer windows, ahead of he genuinely puts a stamp on this team.

I was talking to a quantity of Liverpool fans ahead of the Newcastle game and their feelings appear to alter all the time about what they can accomplish this season – one week they are a operate in progress, the subsequent they are back in the big time.

It is also soon to get carried away. There have been some genuinely encouraging signs and glimpses of what Klopp is capable of but there have also been blips – like Sunday – where you are reminded he is only two months into the job.

Joey Barton was speaking to BBC Sport’s Chris Bevan.

Push ‘could have killed’ Sanchez

Arsenal boss Arsene Wenger claims Gunners forward Alexis Sanchez could have died after colliding with the camera pit at Norwich final weekend.

Sanchez fell into the boards behind the objective after an apparent shove by Ryan Bennett, despite the fact that the Norwich defender denied it was a deliberate push.

“1st of all it’s dangerous to have a camera there,” Wenger mentioned.

“He could’ve killed him. He didn’t want to push like he did. I believe the camera position was definitely harmful.”

Bennett, 25, tweeted right after the match  to give his version of the incident, writing: “Genuinely was trying to quit not push Sanchez just to clear that up.”

Chile forward Sanchez landed heavily in the cameraman’s area on the touchline in the course of the very first half at Carrow Road, and although he was fit to resume he was later forced off with a hamstring injury.

Syria government, rebels could cooperate vs IS ahead of Assad goes: Kerry

ATHENS U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry mentioned on Friday it may well be attainable for the Syrian government and rebel forces to cooperate against Islamic State militants with no Syrian President Bashar al-Assad obtaining very first left power.

However, Kerry said it would be “exceedingly challenging” to obtain this if rebel forces that have been fighting against Assad for far more than four years did not have some confidence that the Syrian leader would ultimately go.

Kerry was asked at a news conference throughout a pay a visit to to Greece regardless of whether Assad’s departure was a precondition for Western-backed rebels to cooperate with government troops against IS, which has captured a swathe of Syria and Iraq and carried out a string of attacks in other nations.

“With respect to the question of Assad and the timing, I think the answer is … it is not clear that he would have to ‘go’ if there was clarity with respect to what his future may well or may well not be,” Kerry stated.

That clarification could come in numerous forms that would give certainty to the opposition.

“But it would be exceedingly tough to cooperate with out some indication or self-assurance on the portion of those who have been fighting him that in reality there is a resolution or a resolution in sight,” Kerry added.

Otherwise the rebels would really feel they were helping and entrenching Assad, which would be entirely unacceptable, he mentioned.

Russia and Iran, Assad’s principal allies, have mentioned it will be up to the Syrian folks to make a decision on Assad’s part at a future presidential election.

Russia has intervened militarily in support of Assad with air strikes against each IS and Western-backed rebels, while a U.S.-led coalition of Western and Sunni Arab states has been waging an air campaign against IS in Syria and Iraq.

A U.S. official who spoke to reporters on situation of anonymity said Kerry’s message was that Assad “does not have to go proper now”, offered there was a clear political transition in prospect, a position Washington has held for months.

(Reporting by Arshad Mohammed Writing by Paul Taylor Editing by Gareth Jones)

Agen Sabung Ayam

I could not turn down Valencia – Neville

New Valencia boss Gary Neville said he would have lost all credibility if he had rejected the opportunity to manage the Spanish club.

The former Manchester United defender turned pundit mentioned he had turned down other managerial jobs given that retiring.

“I am valuable what I associate myself with,” mentioned Neville, 40, who has his brother Phil on the coaching staff.

“Sitting on the tv over the final couple of years, it is time now to stand up,” he added.

Neville, who has been component of the England coaching set-up under manager Roy Hodgson, has been appointed till the end of the season, in spite of getting no previous managerial expertise.

Peter Lim, owner of the La Liga club, also has a stake in English non-league side Salford City, co-owned by Neville.

“When I received the get in touch with about Valencia on Sunday evening, I thought ‘what a football club, what an opportunity, what a challenge’,” he stated.

“If I turned down this job I could have kissed goodbye to my credibility.”

Is it a ‘risky appointment’?

The former England complete-back officially takes over on Sunday, following Valencia’s league game against Barcelona on Saturday.

His 1st match in charge will be Wednesday’s Champions League residence match against Lyon.

“I think we’ve all seen inexperienced coaches succeed and skilled coaches fail. There is no magic formula.” added Neville, speaking in his 1st news conference as head coach.

“I accept I’ve got to prove myself and turn the doubters who say it is a risky appointment.

“I understand why these concerns are being asked and I have to supply the answers on the football pitch in the coming months.”

Neville replaces Nuno Espirito Santo, who resigned soon after Sunday’s 1- defeat at Sevilla, a outcome that left Los Che ninth in the Spanish league.

The club completed fourth last season, but have won only five of their 13 league matches this term.

How long will he stay?

Neville says he does not view his new job as a short-term function, even though he has only signed an initial contract till the end of May possibly.

“I consider the only way to method any football job is to approach it as a permanent job, even although we know it is a six-month contract,” stated Neville, who added that his family would also be moving to Spain.

“Each and every selection I make will not be a brief-term selection. I cannot operate that way and won’t perform that way.

“I will appoint from within, I won’t bring over an army of coaches. I want to bring stability.”

Gary Neville unveiled as the new Valencia coach

Gary Neville will combine his new job with his part on the England coaching staff

What would Neville the pundit feel?

Neville has been functioning as a tv pundit because 2011 and admitted, in that role, he would question the appointment of a foreign managerial novice who did not speak the language in his new nation.

“I would be sceptical and would want to be established otherwise,” he said.

“I recognize that I’ve got to prove to the Valencia fans and players that I am capable of doing this job.

“For anyone who has concerns, those concerns will only be removed by winning football matches.”

The Neville brothers back with each other

Neville confirmed that his brother Phil, who joined the Spanish club as assistant manager in July, will be portion of his coaching employees.

“If Philip wasn’t here I would want him here. He is diligent, challenging functioning and talented and I am delighted he is right here to be portion of the coaching set-up,” mentioned Neville.

“There is no element of negativity at all. The professional way we have worked more than the last 25 years as players and now as coaches is not a difficulty.”

Former Valencia winger Miguel Angel Angulo will also step up from his role as youth team coach to join Neville’s coaching staff, the Englishman added.

Why swap the studio for the bench now?

Neville retired playing from football in 2011, moving into the tv studio for Sky Sports, ahead of produced portion of England’s coaching employees by Roy Hodgson in 2012.

“I’ve been provided managerial jobs in football over the final 4 or 5 years, but the timing never ever felt right. I wanted time to discover,” he said.

“When I received the call about Valencia on Sunday evening, I thought ‘what a football club, what an opportunity, what a challenge’.

“Sitting on the tv more than the last couple of years, it is time now to stand up. I feel this is a superb football club. I am valuable what I associate myself with.

“If I turned down this job I could have kissed goodbye to my credibility.”

‘Support from Sir Alex, inspired by Hodgson’

Neville stated he did not consult Sir Alex Ferguson before deciding to take the Valencia job, but added he has spoken to his former Manchester United manager in the previous handful of days.

“I had a excellent conversation with him, and he offered words of encouragement and help,” mentioned Neville, who produced 602 appearances for United below Ferguson among 1992 and 2011.

“I’d be stupid not to accept that. Not just from him but from Roy Hodgson and other managers who have experience of La Liga.

“When I spoke to Roy, he was incredibly supportive and constructive. I was inspired by the conversation I had with him.

“He understood the chance and was wholly supportive.”

Gary Neville won 20 trophies, including eight Premier League titles, under Sir Alex Ferguson at Manchester United

Neville won 20 trophies, like eight Premier League titles, below Sir Alex Ferguson at Manchester United

Iran says Riyadh meeting of Syrian opposition could harm peace talks: Fars

ANKARA Iran said a meeting of Syrian opposition figures in Riyadh will lead to failure of Syrian peace talks among significant Western and Middle Eastern countries, the semi-official Fars news agency quoted a senior official as saying on Thursday.

“The peace talks are an chance to find a political solution to finish the war in Syria … such meetings in Riyadh … are aimed at harming the Vienna talks,” deputy Foreign Minister Hossein Amirabdollahian told Fars.

“The meeting in Riyadh … will lead to the failure of Vienna peace talks on Syria and it is not element of Vienna agreement.”

Iran’s Sunni regional rival, Saudi Arabia, has invited 65 Syrian opposition figures to gather in Riyadh to try to bring with each other rival groups ahead of subsequent round of Syrian peace talks.

The first two rounds of the Syria peace talks were held in Vienna. In a November meeting on Syria in Vienna, participants agreed on a political procedure top to elections in Syria inside two years, but variations remained on essential concerns such as President Bashar al-Assad’s fate.

The United States, its Gulf allies and Turkey say Assad, whose crackdown on initially peaceful protests in 2011 triggered the war, have to step down as component of any eventual peace deal.

Iran and Russia back the Syrian president, saying that worldwide powers should not impose their political will on Syria.

“Only Syrian people need to choose about their country’s fate,” stated Amirabdollahian, echoing Iran’s official stance.

The disunity among the Syrian opposition has been a hurdle in searching for a peaceful answer to the Syrian war that has killed more than 250,000 men and women and displaced millions.

(Writing by Parisa Hafezi Editing by Sandra Maler)

Agen Sabung Ayam

Germany could send 1,200 soldiers to provide support to coalition fighting ISIS: newspaper

FRANKFURT Germany could send 1,200 soldiers to the Middle East by the finish of the year to give service assistance to planes and ships of a coalition battling Islamic State, Germany’s top defense official told a newspaper on Sunday.

Chancellor Angela Merkel promised to support the offensive against Islamic State in the course of current talks with French President Francois Hollande, who called for far more nations to assist fight the militants right after the Nov. 13 attacks in Paris.

The plan, which nevertheless demands approval from parliament and was outlined by Germany’s Chief of Defence Volker Wieker in the Bild am Sonntag, did not consist of direct involvement in the coalition’s air offensive.

In Germany, the public nonetheless dislikes sending forces overseas except for in peace missions, in element due to memories of Nazi militarism.

A German frigate would accompany France’s Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier, whose planes will refuel the jets of coalition, Wieker said in the interview.

“From a military point of view for the servicing of the planes and ships, about 1,200 soldiers would be necessary,” Wieker told the newspaper.

He mentioned he hoped to acquire the essential mandate by the end of the year.

Wieker also stated Germany was in talks with Jordan and Turkey about stationing Tornado aircraft for reconnaissance in the region.

A senior German lawmaker stated final week that Germany would deploy the reconnaissance jets to assistance France in the fight against Islamic State militants in Syria.

German officials said that Merkel saw a bigger German role as the cost to pay for Hollande’s help in tackling the refugee crisis in Europe.

(Reporting By John O’Donnell Editing by Raissa Kasolowsky)

Sabung Ayam On the internet

Alonso could take 2016 break from F1

Will Fernando Alonso take a sabbatical in 2016?
Abu Dhabi Grand Prix
Venue: Yas Marina Circuit Dates: 27-29 November
Coverage: Reside BBC Television, radio and text coverage of the race. Complete information right here.

Fernando Alonso could take a sabbatical from Formula 1 subsequent year if McLaren remain uncompetitive, the team’s chairman Ron Dennis says.

Alonso is contracted till the end of 2017, but McLaren struggled in their 1st year with engine companion Honda.

Dennis stated: “I have an open thoughts. Some ideas have involved those sorts of considerations – sabbatical years.”

Alonso admitted he discussed the notion with Dennis some time ago but it was now his “intention” to race in 2016.

“I discussed a lot of concepts but not at this portion of the year,” Alonso said. “We feel so significantly far more positive than ahead of with the current pace of the auto. It is anything we did not discuss for 4 or 5 months already.

“My intention is to race and I feel I will race.”

Alonso has suffered several breakdowns, related to the new Honda engine in his McLaren

Former F1 driver Mark Webber, who is close to Alonso, said he believed the 34-year-old would make a final choice after attempting the 2016 McLaren in pre-season testing next February.

“I think he is a ticking bomb,” Webber stated. “I feel give him two or three days in the automobile and if the car is uncompetitive I consider he’ll have a year off.”

But Alonso said that taking a choice following one particular pre-season test would be “also straightforward”.

Alonso said following the Japanese Grand Prix in September that he “didn’t know” no matter whether he would race at McLaren next year.

Later that day, he put out a series of tweets reaffirming his commitment to McLaren, saying: “No-1 should have any doubt that I have 3 years with McLaren and my career in F1 will finish with this group, hopefully winning everything.”

Nevertheless, insiders have continued to express doubts about no matter whether Alonso, who left Ferrari for McLaren at the finish of last season because he believed they would give him a much better likelihood of winning a third world title, could face an additional season at the back of the grid.

Alonso and Button fool about in Brazil

There have been ideas since Japan that if the Honda engine remains uncompetitive in 2016, Alonso could take a year out and come back to fulfil the final two years of his contract in 2017 and 2018.

Though he and team-mate Jenson Button have normally remained optimistic and optimistic in their public utterances in 2015, their frustrations have occasionally surfaced.

Dennis stated he believed McLaren and Honda would be much more competitive in 2016.

He told a news conference at the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix on Saturday: “We have a excellent number of driver options. We have two of the very best drivers in the globe in our cars.

“When we have to take the decision, we will take it collectively and at this moment in time our drivers of subsequent year are Fernando and Jenson Button.”

Alonso qualified in 17th location in Abu Dhabi: watch the race reside on BBC A single and online from 12:ten GMT.

He added that Alonso “will definitely finish his profession in McLaren”.

Dennis mentioned: “We have really a lot of self-assurance in where we will be at the beginning of subsequent season. It is most certainly going in the right path.

“We are going up a painful curve, but up it we will go and we will get there.”

McLaren will nearly surely finish ninth of 10 teams in the championship this season, which means their garage will be moved to the far end of the pit lane.

Dennis stated: “I know where the motorhome will be but I don’t believe the automobile will be matching that position.”

Abu Dhabi GP coverage particulars

Polish refocus on Smolensk crash could hurt relations with Russia

WARSAW The West may be contemplating a thaw with Moscow, but Poland’s new conservative government could additional strain relations with the country’s former Soviet overlord by reopening an investigation into the death of President Lech Kaczynski in a plane crash in Russia in 2010.

An inquiry by the earlier government returned a verdict of pilot error, but the winner of Poland’s October election, the Law and Justice (PiS) party led by Kaczynski’s twin brother Jaroslaw, says an onboard explosion could have brought on the crash.

Now in energy for the very first time given that the tragedy, the celebration wants a new inquiry and, possibly, aid from international courts and foreign secret services, in examining its theory.

Although PiS never definitively accused Russia of orchestrating the president’s death, it has said the Kremlin benefited from the crash, which also killed the central bank chief, best army brass and many lawmakers, triggering a period of political turmoil.

PiS officials have also accused Moscow of prolonging its investigation, and withholding proof, such as the black boxes and the plane’s wreckage. Russia says these can not be returned until its criminal probe is concluded.

“One could almost feel that the Russians have anything on their conscience, following all,” Poland’s new Foreign Minister Witold Waszczykowski told the Nasz Dziennik daily.

He has also mentioned he cannot rule out the possibility that the president was assassinated.

“Either they resolve this case amicably, or it will be necessary to hand it over to international tribunals, and challenge the investigation in the European Court of Human Rights,” Waszczykowski stated, adding Poland would also ask its NATO allies for support.

Difficult Moscow in international courts, as effectively as relaunching the inquiry, with Russia as the prime – if not openly named – suspect, is probably to damage relations among Poland and its old foe, already fragile over the Ukraine crisis.

The Russian Foreign Ministry did not right away respond to a request for comment.

Reopening the case could also test Poland’s ties with its NATO allies, who may shy away from controversy as some attempt to re-engage with Moscow to fight Islamic State and forge a peace deal in Syria.

Domestically, the move may be popular amongst Poland’s conservative electorate, deeply distrustful of Russia, but it will also reopen memories of a case whose handling by the government aroused wide disagreements amongst Poles.

Individual TRAGEDY

The country’s worst such disaster since Planet War Two, the crash took place near Smolensk, western Russia, close to the spot exactly where Stalin’s secret police shot some of the 22,000 Polish officers and intellectuals it executed in 1940. For decades, Moscow blamed Nazi Germany for the mass executions.

The massacre is an enduring symbol for Poland of its suffering at Soviet hands, and president Lech Kaczynski had been flying in to commemorate it.

For Jaroslaw, whose robust partnership with his twin brother was a defining aspect of their political ascent collectively, winning energy might be an chance to settle a private score, critics say.

He has long accused then prime minister Donald Tusk, who is now head of the European Council of heads of EU states, of being indirectly accountable for the crash, triggered, in his view, at least partially by the government’s negligence.

An investigation by Tusk’s government developed no evidence of that.

Already, the PiS selection for defense minister – Antoni Macierewicz – suggests that Smolensk will be higher on the agenda.

Macierewicz, who in opposition opened his personal unofficial investigation into the crash, has been the leading proponent of theories that one thing much more sinister than pilot error was behind the crash.

“The government headed by (Russia’s then prime minister Vladimir) Putin is fully responsible for this tragedy,” he told the European Parliament in March.

He has told army cadets that discovering the truth about the crash is the greatest challenge facing the Polish army.

For the duration of his investigation, Macierewicz relied on proof offered by authorities who employed props such as crushed drinks cans and burst sausages to clarify that the Russian-made aircraft had exploded in mid-air just before crashing.

The experts had not visited the crash site, and utilised photographs from the net. Their meetings sometimes verged on the farcical, with proceedings at one particular point interrupted by a hoax Skype get in touch with claiming to be from Russian President Vladimir Putin.

Earlier this month, Polish President Andrzej Duda expressed support for Macierewicz’s professionals, saying the official conclusions of Polish and Russian inquiries did not “hold up” when confronted with evidence.

The new government has now shut down the official site devoted to the state investigation, which refuted claims that the plane was brought down by an explosion. 

THE TRUTH

Political analysts say reopening the investigation, and Macierewicz’s anti-Russian rhetoric, largely serve domestic political goals, as they are most likely to appeal to core voters.

Opinion polls show only a single in five Poles believes the lead to of the crash has been properly explained. Nearly a third accept to some degree the suggestion that the president may possibly have been assassinated.

Speaking shortly right after the October election, Kaczynski told supporters gathered to commemorate his brother’s death that more would be carried out.

“I’m convinced that the circumstances for reaching the truth have now been established.”

In spite of the foreign minister’s announcements, it was not immediately clear whether or not the government would really ask Poland’s allies for assist in investigating the crash. Shortly right after the election, PiS leader Kaczynski mentioned a proper Polish inquiry would suffice.

A senior source close to the party leadership stated the new government realized that, at a time when some Western countries want to rebuild ties with Moscow, prioritizing the case could complicate Poland’s relations with its allies.

Poland was for that reason likely to stick to well-established techniques of difficult Moscow, such as international tribunal lawsuits over the withholding of proof, technically Polish property, the supply said, speaking on condition of anonymity.

But Poland was most likely to insist that its Western intelligence partners, who want Warsaw to join the fight against Islamic extremists, reciprocate by handing over any intelligence that may be relevant to the crash, he added.

(Additional reporting by Pawel Sobczak editing by Justyna Pawlak and Giles Elgood)

Bandar Sabung Ayam

Agen Sabung Ayam – Deforestation Could Threaten Majority of Amazon Tree Species, Study Finds

Agen Sabung Ayam

Deforestation threatens more than half of all tree species in the Amazon, a new study suggests.

Researchers, whose work was published Friday in the journal Science Advances, studied the status of more than 15,000 Amazonian tree species, including the Brazil nut and the plants that produce cacao and açaí palm.

By comparing maps of projected deforestation with data collected in the forest, the researchers found that at least 36 percent and up to 57 percent of the Amazon’s tree species should qualify as threatened on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List, the most widely recognized authority on threats to species conservation.

Their findings suggest that the number of globally threatened plant species could increase by about 22 percent, and globally threatened tree species by 36 percent.

“We’ve never had a good idea of how many Amazonian species were vulnerable,” said Nigel Pitman, a tropical ecologist at the Field Museum in Chicago. “And now, with this study, we’ve got an estimate.”

Dr. Pitman is one of more than 150 researchers from nearly 100 institutions listed as authors of the paper. Almost every scientist trekked into the Amazon to measure tree diameters and collect leaves, branches, flowers and fruits. The scientists recorded information from 1,485 plots of forest, each about two acres.

The conservation union has several criteria for conferring Red List status, and it considers both historical and projected population loss. To date, it has assessed more than 76,000 species, including all birds, amphibians and mammals, and has labeled more than 22,000 animals, fungi and plants as being at risk for extinction.

After collecting the data, the team constructed a computer model to analyze it under two scenarios. The first scenario, called the “business as usual” model, estimated that by 2050, about 40 percent of the original Amazon forests would disappear. The second scenario, in which governments enacted stronger preservation regulations, estimated that 21 percent of the forest would be destroyed by 2050.

Under the “business as usual” model, 8,690 of today’s tree species should be classified as threatened, and under the second model, 5,515 should be, the team reported.

“Fortunately, deforestation rates in the Brazilian Amazon, which represents about 60 percent of the total Amazon area, have decreased by about 75 percent since 2005,” Timothy J. Killeen, a botanist at Agteca-Amazonica in Santa Cruz, Bolivia, said during a news conference with reporters.

Dr. Killeen said current estimates showed that the Amazon was doing better than the researchers’ best-case scenario had predicted, for which the team credits recent efforts to expand parks and protected areas. The researchers added that their estimates of threatened species were valid, despite the current condition of the Amazon, because government policies can change quickly and put those species at risk.

“If we can keep these reserves from suffering degradation, then we can actually protect a substantial part of the diversity in the Amazon,” said Hans ter Steege, a tropical ecologist at Naturalis Biodiversity Center in the Netherlands and lead author of the paper.

Stephen P. Hubbell, a tropical forest ecologist at the University of California, Los Angeles, who was not involved in the study, said that he was impressed by the data the researchers had collected, but that it was difficult to extrapolate the findings to the entirety of the Amazon.

“It’s a first-class study, but the data are still hard to test,” he said. “Even with all the samples that they had across the Amazon, it’s still a truly tiny fraction of the total area.”

Kenneth J. Feeley, a tropical ecologist at Florida International University, said the study underscored the importance for the Amazon of establishing protected areas, and of making sure those protections are enforced.

“This is a major problem in conservation. It’s very easy for governments to draw a line on the map and declare an area protected,” he said. “It’s much harder to make that area effectively protected.”

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