WASHINGTON Reports of heavy civilian casualties from Russia’s bombing campaign in Syria are one essential cause why Washington is unlikely to coordinate airstrikes with Moscow against Islamic State, U.S. officials told Reuters, even as President Barack Obama left the door ajar on Tuesday to military cooperation with the Kremlin.
Appearing at a White House news conference with his French counterpart, Francois Hollande, Obama reiterated that Russia was “welcome to be component of this broad-based coalition that we’ve set up.” But very first, he mentioned, it should shift its focus from propping up Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and redirect its airstrikes away from moderate rebels to hit Islamic State militants.
U.S. officials, nevertheless, said there are other obstacles to Russian participation in the U.S.-led coalition of some 60 nations that is hitting the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq.
From the White Residence to the Pentagon, officials are concerned about widespread reports of mounting civilian casualties from Russian air strikes, even even though the concern has received far less public attention than the Assad government’s use of “barrel bombs” against unarmed civilians.
The United States, by operating with Moscow militarily in Syria, could be observed as complicit in the killing and wounding of civilians, U.S. officials mentioned, speaking on condition of anonymity.
They also mentioned they feared that U.S.-Russian military cooperation would strain U.S. ties with moderate rebel groups, some of whom Washington is backing militarily.
A U.S. official stated that Russia’s apparent lack of regard for civilian casualties was one particular of the reasons the United States has been reluctant to companion with Moscow. The official noted the lengths that the United States has gone to to stop civilian deaths, describing it as a core part of the U.S.-led coalition’s technique in Syria.
Be concerned Over CASUALTIES AND ALLIES
U.S. officials mentioned they did not dispute Syrian human rights activists’ allegations that Russian bombs and missiles have hit mosques, hospitals and other civilian infrastructure, killing hundreds of individuals.
Colonel Steve Warren, a Baghdad-primarily based spokesman for the U.S.-led coalition, stated the U.S. military believes private estimates from non-governmental groups of the civilian death toll were almost certainly “fairly accurate.”
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights stated in a Nov. 20 report that at least 403 civilians, which includes far more than 160 girls and kids, had died in Russian airstrikes. Other organizations have diverse estimates.
“This is sloppy military function,” Warren said of the Russian airstrikes. “This is the reckless and irresponsible, imprecise and frankly uncaring strategy to operations in Syria that the Russians have taken on.”
Russia says its airstrikes are directed against the Islamic State, and it denies that it has killed civilians. It said earlier this month that it was “outraged” by a report by a U.S. organization, Physicians for Human Rights, that alleged it had bombed ten healthcare facilities in October.
Fadel Abdul Ghany, the head of the Syrian Network for Human Rights, place his organization’s latest count of civilian deaths in Russian airstrikes at 265. Most Russian attacks have been in opposition-held areas of northeastern Idlib Province, neighboring Latakia Province and about the contested northern city of Aleppo, he said.
The Obama administration has been cautious to keep away from calling interest to the civilian casualties. Washington is vulnerable to criticism for its personal airstrikes that U.S. officials say inadvertently killed civilians in Iraq and Afghanistan, most not too long ago final month in a hospital in the northern Afghan province of Kunduz.
1 explanation why Russia’s airstrikes are killing civilians, according to U.S. officials, is its heavy reliance on “dumb bombs,” as opposed to precision-guided munitions. One U.S. government supply also mentioned many of Russia’s targets in Syria have been supplied by Assad’s government.
The United Nations estimates that some 250,000 folks have died in Syria’s civil war and 11 million uprooted from their residences, such as far more than four million who have fled the country.
The administration has other issues about closer military cooperation with Russian President Vladimir Putin, who has referred to as for coordinating airstrikes with the U.S.-led coalition.
Washington has had rocky relations with numerous of the Syrian rebel groups that it has armed. Even if Russia shifted the focus of its airstrikes to the Islamic State, U.S. officials worry that allying with Russia could fray relations further.
Ultimately, Putin’s failure to guarantee that pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine implement a February 2015 peace deal is however an additional factor, the officials mentioned.
Lieutenant Common Ben Hodges, the commander of U.S. Army forces in Europe, said Putin’s openness to coordinating militarily with Washington is producing America’s Eastern European allies uneasy.
“There is concern amongst many East European allies and Ukraine that this will allow Russia to sort of come out of its isolation,” Hodges told Reuters, referring to the international sanctions imposed on Russia for its invasion of Ukraine.
Further dampening prospects of U.S.-Russian cooperation, NATO ally Turkey, shot down a Russian fighter jet on Tuesday. It accused Moscow of violating its airspace as it carries out strikes against non-Islamic State targets across the border in Syria.
Until now, communication amongst the United States and Russian militaries on Syria has been restricted to contacts aimed at avoiding an accidental clash in the skies as they carry out rival bombing campaigns.
(Additional reporting by Arshad Mohammed and Mark Hosenball, editing by Ross Colvin)